WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 2019     <  >     <  >     <  >     (CAMCO)       Caracas, Venezuela      *******   ALEJANDRO GIAMMATTEL AND JUAN GUAIDO PLEDGE TO RESTORE "DEMOCRACY IN VENEZUELA"      ********      (CAMCO)   Havana, Cuba   *******    AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL CALLS FOR RELEASE OF LEADING CUBAN DISSIDENT   ********    (CAMCO)     Buenos Aires, Argentina    *******    ARGENTINA DELIVERS COMPLAINTS OF CRIMES COMMITTED BY THE MADURO REGIME TO THE CRIMINAL COURT        <><>  <>    END   <><>  <>  WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 16, 2019     <  >     <  >     <  >     (CAMCO)       Caracas, Venezuela      *******   ALEJANDRO GIAMMATTEL AND JUAN GUAIDO PLEDGE TO RESTORE "DEMOCRACY IN VENEZUELA"      ********      (CAMCO)   Havana, Cuba   *******    AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL CALLS FOR RELEASE OF LEADING CUBAN DISSIDENT   ********    (CAMCO)     Buenos Aires, Argentina    *******    ARGENTINA DELIVERS COMPLAINTS OF CRIMES COMMITTED BY THE MADURO REGIME TO THE CRIMINAL COURT        <><>  <>    END   <><>  <>  


















cCain un






SEPTEMBER 10, 2019


Andres Oppenheimer  //  The Miami Herald 

This is no joke: Venezuela — the most repressive regime in the Americas since the days of Argentina and Chile’s military dictatorships in the 1970s — is expected to win a seat at the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council.

I almost choked on my coffee when I first heard about this in a recent interview with Ernesto Araujo, Brazil’s foreign minister. But when I contacted several human-rights groups to see if such a travesty were possible, they all confirmed that it’s likely to happen.

Never mind that, according to the United Nations’ own High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet, Venezuelan dictator Nicolás Maduro’s death squads are responsible for more than 6,800 extrajudicial killings just between January 2018 and May 2019.

In addition, the U.N. report cites widespread use of torture against political prisoners, including electric shocks, suffocation with plastic bags and sexual violence. There were at least 2,000 political arrests in the first five months of this year. There were 720 political prisoners in May, Bachelet’s report said.

And yet, according to YourHRC, UNWatch and other human-rights groups, Venezuela — alongside Brazil — is almost sure to win one of Latin America’s two vacant seats at the Human Right Council at the upcoming U.N. General Assembly session.

The General Assembly elected the 47 members of the Human Rights Council. Candidates need two-thirds of the General Assembly’s votes, or 126 votes, to be elected.

“Right now, Venezuela’s election is almost certain to happen because there are only two seats available for Latin America at the Council — and only two countries are running,” UNWatch director Hillel Neuer told me.

Since the Council election is scheduled to take place October, it may be too late for another Latin American country to run successfully against Venezuela. Normally, countries running for a Council seat announce their candidacy more than a year in advance to have time to lobby for it, Neuer added.

Many of the world’s worst dictatorships spend considerable time and money to get a Council seat at the Council, to protect themselves from human rights accusations. Among the current members of the Council are Saudi Arabia, China, and Cuba, which is leading the lobbying effort for Venezuela’s election to the Council.

Often, dictatorships offer democratic countries their support for their candidacies for seats at U.N. economic commissions — which free countries are more interested in — in exchange for democracies’ support at the U.N. Human Rights Council.

“Venezuela’s likely election to the Council is truly scandalous,” says Jose Miguel Vivanco, head of the Americas department of the Human Rights Watch advocacy group. “Latin American countries that have denounced Venezuela’s abuses should propose a third regional candidate to defeat Venezuela’s almost certain election.”|

And so should President Trump. Unfortunately, Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Council and several other multilateral forums such as the Paris Climate Accord — as well as Trump’s verbal attacks on America’s European allies and his downsizing of the State Department — have severely eroded America’s clout in the diplomatic community around the world.

As a result, America has less influence than ever in recent times to sway African, Asian and European countries to stop Venezuela’s election to the Council.

Nevertheless, some human rights-advocates are demanding a last-minute diplomatic offensive by the United States, the 28-member European Union and Latin America’s Group of Lima — made up of Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and other countries that are pressing for democracy in Venezuela — to recruit a third

Latin American country that could defeat Venezuela’s candidacy. “It’s late, and it would be very difficult, but it’s not impossible,” says Neuer, of UNWatch.

Instead of making empty statements against the Maduro regime that are mainly aimed at winning Cuban-American and Venezuelan-American votes in Florida, the Trump administration should use what’s left of U.S. leverage abroad to muster votes to defeat Venezuela’s candidacy. Latin American countries should do the same.

Otherwise, Venezuela’s dictator will soon be able to claim a major diplomatic victory, while the democratic world was sound asleep.


Photogallery          Photogallery



Outline of the September 11 attacks

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the September 11 attacks and their consequences:

The September 11 attacks were four coordinated suicide attacks upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C., area on September 11, 2001.
On that Tuesday morning, 19 terrorists from the Islamist militant group al-Qaeda hijacked four passenger jets. The hijackers intentionally crashed two planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City; both towers collapsed within two hours.

Hijackers crashed American Airlines Flight 77 into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. The fourth jet, United Airlines Flight 93, crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after passengers attempted to take control before it could reach the hijackers' intended target in Washington, D.C. Nearly 3,000 died in the attacks, and the 9/11 attacks have had broad and lasting consequences to military policy, politics, and foreign relations. Effects have also been seen in literature, film, and popular culture.




Send your suggestions or comments to:




0CTOBER 16, 2019


  The elected president of Guatemala, Alejandro Giammattei, and the leader of the Venezuelan National Assembly (AN, Parliament), Juan Guaidó, pledged Monday to work hand in hand to restore "democracy in Venezuela after last Saturday when the Government of Nicolás Maduro forbade Giammattei from entering Venezuela for entering with An Italian passport. This Monday, in this virtual conversation, the future president of Guatemala said he has the "willingness to work hard" for Venezuela to achieve democracy and said Guaidó is the "right person" to do so because he is protected by the Constitution and is recognized For more than 50 countries.

      He also reiterated that as soon as he assumes the Presidency of Guatemala on January 14, he will analyze how to "press" for the international community, through the Lima Group or the Organization of American States (OAS), to have a "much more leading" role. , that humanitarian aid "flow" and that there are no longer political prisoners in Venezuela. "Make sure that democracy that takes 20 years to be kidnapped in Venezuela does not continue to be caused by that dictatorship," he proclaimed, and added, before inviting him to his inauguration: "Rest assured that we will work hand in hand to restore the democracy in Venezuela. "

     For his part, Guaidó said that in Venezuela they are still standing to "recover democracy," which is always at stake, and reminded Giammattei that he will always be "welcome to his country." In this same sense, he thanked him for responding to his invitation to go to Venezuela, despite not being able to enter, and assured that his gesture shows that his country continues to have "allies" in the world to achieve change.


  HAVANA, CUBA     --   Amnesty International on Tuesday demanded the Cuban government explain the charges against the head of the country’s largest opposition group, whom Havana arrested a week ago, or release him from jail. Jose Daniel Ferrer, leader of the Patriotic Union of Cuba (UNPACU), was detained in the eastern city of Santiago de Cuba on Oct. 1 after a police raid on his home which also serves as the group’s headquarters, UNPACU activists told Reuters. “Cuban authorities have imprisoned, harassed and intimidated José Daniel Ferrer García for more than a decade due to his political activism,” Amnesty said, recalling that he was held incommunicado for more than 10 days last year.

      Ferrer should be informed of the charges or otherwise released, have access to lawyers and medical care and be able to communicate with his family, Amnesty said. Ferrer was one of the 75 dissidents arrested in 2003 during a nationwide crackdown known as the Black Spring. He was released on parole in 2011 and soon after formed UNPACU. Ferrer’s partner, Nelva Ismarays Ortega, said that during a visit Ferrer told her police threatened to charge him with a fabricated common crime so he would not be heralded as a political prisoner. “They told him they were fed up with his activism ... and that they were very uncomfortable with how he’d supported the measures of the U.S. government against the Castro regime,” Ortega told Reuters by phone.

     Ortega said authorities would not allow her to give Ferrer his medication for conditions such as the chronic gastroenteritis developed during his eight years in jail. “He was in a lot of pain,” she said.  “But he said he wasn’t afraid, and he was prepared to spend more years in jail as long as the truth were known.” Cuba’s Communist government, which did not immediately respond to a request for comment, does not discuss police activity such as the detention of dissidents, whom it dismisses as provocateurs financed by the United States. Critics say the government appears to be tightening control, fearing unrest over deepening economic woes especially since internet service was expanded, increasing access to information and the ability to mobilize.


   BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA     --    The Venezuelan Ambassador to Argentina, Elisa Trotta Gamus, highlighted the Argentine Government's commitment to Venezuelan democracy, which was once again demonstrated with the delivery in the International Criminal Court of a report that includes allegations of torture, abuse and executions committed by the dictatorship of Nicolás Maduro.

      On Tuesday, the Argentine Minister of Justice and Human Rights, Germán Garavano, presented in The Hague the document prepared with testimonies of Venezuelans based in Argentina, who were victims or witnesses of crimes committed by officials of the Chavez regime. “The defense of human rights has no border. Faced with heinous crimes, which have been recognized by the UN High Commissioner, Michelle Bachelet, cannot be neutral, because neutrality is complicity.

    For this reason, we Venezuelans are grateful for the firm commitment of the people and the Argentine Government to democracy and freedom, and that today is demonstrated again with this complaint before the International Criminal Court, which will be an impetus for justice and not remain unpunish these violations, ”said Ambassador Elisa Trotta. Between July 24 and August 22, the Argentine Government authorized an office and a telephone line so that Venezuelans could present their testimonies of the crimes suffered under the Maduro regime, with the aim of preparing this report that was presented in the International Criminal Court.

, 2019


 WASHINGTON, D.C.      --
  For weeks, Spain has rejected repeated U.S. requests for the extradition of former Venezuelan spy chief Hugo Carvajal, wanted in the United States on drug trafficking and narco-terrorism charges. Now, the reasons for Madrid's refusal are emerging: he is cooperating in Spain's efforts to mediate Venezuela's drawn out political crisis. Spanish court documents say Carvajal was operating under "directions and orders from the Presidency of Venezuela," and analysts say Spain's protection of him may be influenced by his importance as an intelligence asset to the Spanish Foreign Intelligence Service, CNI.

     The weight of the charges levied by the United States is hefty. The indictment, sent to Voice of America by the Department of Justice, alleges that Carvajal “worked with terrorists and other drug traffickers to dispatch thousands of kilograms of cocaine” to the United States. U.S. Justice department officials say that to accomplish this, he worked with the leadership of the militant Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, FARC, during his near decade-long tenure as head of Venezuela’s powerful military counterintelligence service, DGCIM.

      Carvajal and his alleged shady dealings have long been on the U.S. radar. In 2008, the United States Department of the Treasury accused Carvajal of assisting the FARC in protecting Colombia’s Arauca Department, a region known as a center of cocaine production, and providing the FARC with official Venezuelan government identification. FARC used profits from its drug trafficking networks to fund its decades-long insurgency against the Colombian government. The United States designated the FARC as a terrorist group in 1997. The Department of Justice further alleged that Carvajal was a member of the Cartel De Los Soles. According to the indictment, the cartel is a group of high-ranking Venuezelan officials who not only cooperate with the drug traffickers, but also provide heavily armed security, military grade weapons, and intelligence to protect some of these drug shipments.


  BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA    --    Last Saturday, the president of Argentina, Mauricio Macri, ordered the expulsion of diplomats from the Government of Nicolás Maduro from the Argentine territory, thus affirming his recognition of the head of Parliament, Juan Guaidó, also recognized as president in charge of Venezuela by over fifty countries. Argentine Foreign Minister Jorge Faurie, during an interview for Infobae, reported on the decision of the president of that country, because their visas have already expired.

      "The diplomatic visas of the representatives of the Maduro regime have expired and we ask that they be returned to the Argentine Foreign Ministry" and clarified that they cannot be renewed because Argentina does not recognize Maduro, therefore they must be withdrawn. The Government of Argentina has a list of five diplomatic representatives of Maduro with the expired documents, and two military officers stationed in the city of Buenos Aires, destined to fulfill functions for the Union of South American Nations (Unasur), a multilateral forum that ended at the beginning of the year.

      In all seven cases, the Government of that country does not know for sure if Venezuelan officials are in Argentina or not. Faurie urged Interior Minister Rogelio Frigerio, through the Migration Directorate, to confirm whether diplomats are illegal in Buenos Aires or have already returned to Caracas. Argentina is one of the 58 nations that support the opposition leader Guaidó. On January 29, the President of Parliament appointed Elisa Trotta Gamus as representative and "maximum authority of Venezuela in Argentina."


   QUITO, ECUADOR      --    Weeklong protests that have shaken Ecuador and driven its government from the capital threaten to aggravate wider regional tensions, with President Lenin Moreno accusing Venezuela and its allies of scheming to foment the unrest. Moreno suggested in a speech broadcast Monday that Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro had plotted with Ecuador's former leftist leader, Rafael Correa, to stir up the nationwide protests that were sparked by IMF-ordered austerity measures, including the elimination of fuel subsidies in the oil-producing nation.

      Maduro "has activated a destabilization plan together with Rafael Correa," Moreno said. "They are the ones who are behind this coup attempt." Maduro, who has also been accused of encouraging unrest in Peru and Colombia — where the FARC rebel movement threatens to renew its insurgency — laughed off the allegations Thursday. "It seems all I have to do is twitch my moustache to topple a government. Let me think of what governments I will topple next," he joked.

     Correa, who is now living in self-imposed exile in Belgium, similarly ridiculed suggestions he is involved in the protests. "They say I am so powerful that with an iPhone from Brussels I could lead the protests," he told Reuters this week. "People couldn't take it anymore, that's the reality." Appearing as a guest on Spain's main television news channel, Ecuador's ambassador in Madrid, Cristobal Roldan, blamed the unrest on a "conspiracy orchestrated from Venezuela." Roldan said plans to infiltrate agitators, fund opposition groups and "manipulate" indigenous organizations were hatched at meetings between Correa and Maduro in Caracas last month.

0CTOBER 14, 2019


 WASHINGTON, D.C.      --
  US President Donald Trump announced today that the United States will impose "powerful sanctions" against Turkey, after the Turkish incursion into the Syrian border after the withdrawal of US troops. “I am negotiating with (the respublican senator) Lindsey Graham and many members of Congress, including Democrats, on the imposition of powerful sanctions on Turkey. The Treasury is ready. (…) There is a great consensus on this, ”Trump warned in his Twitter account.

     The announcement of these future sanctions, of which Trump did not give more detail, came after US Defense Secretary Mark Esper hinted that some of the actions of the Turkish forces in their incursion into northern Syria, initiated when Washington ordered the withdrawal of its troops in that area, "appear to be" war crimes. "They seem to be," Esper replied when asked in the Sunday program "Face the Nation" of the CBS network about whether some of Turkey's behavior against Kurdish forces can be classified as war crimes, including group executions of Kurdish captives. “It's a very terrible situation there, a situation caused by the Turks. Despite our opposition, they decided to make this raid, ”said the Pentagon chief.

     For his part, US President Donald Trump considered his decision to withdraw troops from his country from the conflict zone, which has been criticized by both Republicans and Democrats in Congress for considering it a "betrayal" of his Kurdish allies It was "very smart." “Very smart not to participate in the intense fighting along the Turkish border. Those who put us by mistake in the wars in the Middle East are still pressing to fight. They have no idea of the bad decision they made. Why don't you ask for a declaration of war? ”Trump said on Twitter. In this sense, Esper defended that the US Executive is doing “what is in the interest of the members of the (military) service so as not to put them in danger”.


  WASHINGTON, D.C.     --    "Another genocide is happening in Venezuela," he said in an interview with Venezuela 360 of the Voice of America, the Republican senator for the state of Florida, Rick Scott. Following his statement, the legislator explained the reasons why he considers that the situation in the South American country is comparable to the Nazi holocaust. He categorically criticized what he classifies as the neutral position adopted by the UN in the face of the crisis facing Venezuela Senator Scott questioned the United Nations for what he defines as "the lack of action" to contribute to a peaceful transition in the South American nation.

     Right now it is important to ensure that oil does not flow between Venezuela and Cuba, and every day we must think about what else we can do to put more pressure on Maduro to get him out of power. I believe that the only reason why Cuba has 20,000 Cubans or whatever the number of people supporting Maduro in Venezuela is because they are getting oil. If we make sure that they do not receive oil back, it will be very difficult for Cuba to continue sending criminals from Cuba to support Maduro.

     The military option is very important at the table. But President Trump does not want to go to war. I don't think he wants a war, but we have the option on the table, and we have to see how Maduro gets out. Maduro is killing children. I went to Cucuta, I saw it. I saw those poor children starving. It is disgusting what he is doing. The UN is crossed arms. The United Nations is sitting watching a genocide happen. We all focus on the holocaust, on the horrible things that happened, on how many Jews were killed in Europe. We see that another genocide is happening in Venezuela, where children are starving. Children do not survive because they do not have the right medicines. All for one man, Maduro.


   QUITO, ECUADOR      --  Ecuadorian President Lenin Moreno congratulated the Confederation of Indigenous Nationalities (Conaie) today for his opening to dialogue, but said he decided to apply a curfew in Quito to restore peace of mind, in the face of intense protests against his Government. "It is important that this call for dialogue made by the President of the Republic (on Friday) has been welcomed by them (the natives) and I thank and congratulate them," said Moreno in statements reproduced by the General Secretariat of Communication of the Presidency.

     The president said that he will "restore order throughout the country" and that for this he established the "curfew" in the Metropolitan District of Quito, where protests have been concentrated against economic adjustments that he applied at the beginning of the month. "I have arranged for the Joint Command of the Armed Forces, immediately to take the measures and operations that are necessary" to restore order, insisted the ruler after offering his countrymen that "of this we will go out together." Moreno, as he has done on other occasions, said that behind the indigenous protests there are groups that generate vandalism and identified among them drug gangs, a youth gang and the followers of former President Rafael Correa, who he accuses of the crisis that Face your country.

     “Everything is completely clear and so is it for the indigenous brothers,” since it is “the traffickers, the drug traffickers, Latin King (gang), criminals and correists who are dedicated to doing these acts of vandalism,” he repeated and said that, “ advantageously ”the peasants have already“ detected ”them and are separating them from their ranks. The curfew in Quito, which entered into force at 3 pm local time (20.00 GMT), has forced citizens to take refuge in their homes, although the bulk of indigenous mobilization is still maintained in the area of the House of the Ecuadorian Culture, which has become the center of the demonstrations that have happened for ten days.

0CTOBER 11, 2019


 Former Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa rejected on Wednesday accusations of trying to stage a coup in the protest-racked South American country and called on successor Lenin Moreno to call fresh elections. Correa, a democratic socialist who was in office from 2007 to 2017, made his remarks to reporters at the European Parliament in Brussels. “If I need to be a candidate, I will. They quote-unquote disqualified me from being president ... it was all illegal. It was all unconstitutional. But from vice president on down I don’t have a problem with participating,” he said at the news conference, having been invited by Spain’s United Left party.

      He said the administration headed by Moreno – who was Correa’s vice president and hand-picked successor but made a sharp turn to the right after taking office – will “invent anything to stop me from running” because “they know we’ll defeat them.” The former president, who currently lives in his wife’s native Belgium, said he has faced a series of fabricated lawsuits since Moreno took office that are aimed at preventing him from returning to politics in the Andean nation. He added that if he returns to his homeland he will find himself behind bars.
“Let them put me in prison, but let me run in the campaign. No, they will put me in prison first and then not let me run,” he said.

     The 56-year-old Correa denied accusations that he is behind recent huge indigenous marches and protests in Ecuador against the government’s scrapping of fuel subsidies and other austerity measures. Moreno has been implementing those budget-cutting measures under a $4.2 billion financing deal agreed in March with the International Monetary Fund. Correa also denied allegations that he had traveled to Venezuela to orchestrate the protests along with that nation’s leftist incumbent, Nicolas Maduro. “They say that right now I’m in Venezuela ... Look at the detailed reports (saying) I met yesterday with Maduro, and that he’s the one financing the destabilization. This is madness. It’s demented,” the ex-president said. “They’re the coup perpetrators,” Correa said, adding that “what we’re calling for is a solution provided by the constitution, a democratic solution.”


  WASHINGTON, D.C.     --    Unipec, the largest tanker charterer in the world, seems to have stopped renting ships that have had a commercial link with Venezuela, including calls to ports, in the last 12 months. The measure, which coincides with the same decision of ExxonMobil last week, occurs in the middle of an already adjusted tonnage and maximum rates in 11 years on tankers. Chinese giant energy trading Unipec has matched the movement of ExxonMobil to stop renting any vessel which has done business with Venezuela in the last 12 months, reported in a note Lloyd's List.

      Unipec is the commercial arm of the Chinese state oil company Sinopec Corp. Unipec is one of the main vehicles for Sinopec, which owns the largest refinery in Asia, to carry out its oil coverage. Unipec markets around 2.2 billion barrels of oil each year, 60% of which are imports to China, according to the company. That represents about 43% of the total annual imports of crude oil from ChinatIt is likely that the decision of the world's largest tonnage charterer will accelerateincreases in the high rates of tankers, which have reached a maximum of 11 years this week, as the US sanctions against Iran and Venezuela have created an imbalance in the market.

      A text of the contract clause that is believed to have been issued by Unipec, and seen by Lloyd's List , reveals how the charterer is now forcing the owners to assume all the risks associated with Venezuela and effectively stops any negotiations with ships that have had links with Venezuela in the last year. The Lloyd’s list List understands that the clause was issued by Unipec last week and the implications of the decision, the details of which coincide with the ExxonMobil contract clause, imply that more than 200 tankers could be affected, dramatically adjusting the already limited list of ships available immediately to rent.


   WASHINGTON, D.C.      --  A decision would allow Crystallex to auction Citgo's shares to get what Venezuela owes after being expropriated. Venezuela could lose its largest US asset after a court allowed a Canadian gold company to keep shares of the Citgo parent company. A US Court of Appeals He ruled that Crystallex can seize shares in the North American country of Citgo, which is part of Venezuela's state oil company, to cover compensation of US $ 1.4 billion for nationalization of gold deposits.

     Unless it is reversed by an appeal or blocked by the Donald Trump government, the decision would allow Crystallex to auction the actions to get what Venezuela owes it. That means that the country, currently in the midst of its worst recession, could lose control of the refinery, a source of hard currency that it desperately needs. It also complicates the efforts of the president in charge, Juan Guaidó, to maintain control of Venezuelan assets while fighting a power struggle with the current leader, Nicolás Maduro . Guaidó asked Trump to prevent creditors from taking over the country's assets.

      "The only thing that could prevent Venezuela from losing Citgo is a successful appeal to the US Supreme Court, which seems unlikely, or that Trump decides to issue an asset protection order as Guaido has been requesting," said Francisco Rodriguez. , chief economist of Torino Capital. "For too long Venezuela refused to compensate Crystallex for its illegal expropriation of Crystallex assets," said Bob Fung, chief executive of the mining company, in a statement sent by email. He added that the ruling is a "crucial step to get Venezuela to finally comply with its legal obligations."

0CTOBER 10, 2019


    QUITO, ECUADOR    --
 Hundreds of indigenous people briefly occupied Ecuador’s National Assembly on Tuesday before being evicted by security forces amid continuing nationwide protests against the economic austerity policies of President Lenin Moreno. Police and troops forcibly removed the activists from the building. Mounted police and K9 units then established an extended perimeter around the legislature, which adjourned late Monday after altercations between protesters and security guards. The assembly building is not far from a Quito park where some 10,000 indigenous people were gathering ahead of a march planned for Wednesday to demand that Moreno either roll back the austerity measures he announced last week or resign the presidency.

      The protesters pushed aside security barriers surrounding the building and poncho-clad elders carrying ceremonial staffs followed in their wake, entering the building with their hands raised, Radio Calle said. The indigenous leaders asked the demonstrators to remain calm and avoid confrontation with the security forces, but Quito radio stations reported confrontations between cops and protesters gathered in the park. Protests began last Thursday with the Moreno administration’s enactment of a package of austerity measures adopted at the urging of the International Monetary Fund.

     The most controversial aspect of the plan was the end of fuel subsidies, which spurred a 123 percent increase in the price of diesel, but the government also slashed public employees’ pay by 20 percent and took steps toward the privatization of pensions. Moreno, who responded to the protests by declaring a state of emergency, abandoned Quito on Monday for the coastal city of Guayaquil, Ecuador’s economic hub, In a nationally televised address from Guayaquil, Moreno said the unrest was being orchestrated by unidentified elements from the government of his predecessor and political mentor, Rafael Correa. Moreno, who served for a time as Correa’s vice president, won election on a promise to maintain the center-left policies of the Alianza Pais party. Instead, it has moved to reverse virtually all Correa initiatives and programs. to reverse virtually all of Correa’s initiatives and programs.


  WASHINGTON, D.C.     -- The Trump administration is preparing new sanctions on Cuba for its support of Nicolás Maduro, and is "watching more closely" the role of Russia to help him remain in power, the US special envoy in Venezuela, Elliott Abrams, said to Reuters. President Donald Trump's frustration over the failure of his “maximum pressure” campaign to overthrow Maduro has stimulated foreign policy aides to prepare new US actions and press for tougher sanctions against Venezuela by European and Latin American partners, said a second senior official of the administration. condition of anonymity.

      Abrams said that Washington sees Cuba and Russia providing a lifeguard to Maduro, nine months after the Trump administration and dozens of other countries decided to no longer recognize the socialist leader as the legitimate president of Venezuela. "We are always looking for ways to squeeze (Cuba) because we do not see any improvement in their behavior either with respect to Venezuela or human rights internally," Abrams said in an interview at the State Department office.

      The new sanctions under consideration for communist Cuba, expected “in the coming weeks,” are likely to target the island's tourism sector, as well as Venezuela's reduced-cut oil delivered to Havana, based on the blacklist of the US oil tankers used to transport supplies, a senior official said. While US sanctions against Cuba stem from accusations that it provides training, weapons and intelligence to Maduro's security forces, attacking Russia would be based largely on Moscow's financial support for Caracas. Oil giant Rosneft (ROSN.MM) has helped Venezuela market its crude since Washington imposed sanctions on state oil company PDVSA in January.


   RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL      --  The Brazilian government continues to investigate the origin of the mysterious oil stains that appeared on more than a hundred beaches in northeastern Brazil, which the president attributes, for the moment, to a criminal act. “It is a volume (of crude) not constant. If it were a ship that was shipwrecked, oil would continue to flow out. It seems that something was thrown criminally ”into the sea, said Jair Bolsonaro with Environment Minister Ricardo Salles, in a brief meeting with journalists in Brasilia. On Monday, the president said that the authorities identified "a country that may be the origin of oil" that is spread over some 132 beaches, in nine northeastern states, but this Tuesday avoided giving details about the alleged responsible. “It's reserved, I can't accuse a country.

        If it turns out that it is not that country, I do not want to create problems with other countries, ”he told reporters who asked him if the oil would come from Venezuela. The Folha de San Pablo newspaper cited a confidential report by Petrobras that points to that nation as a possible origin. Salles, who traveled to the affected area on Monday, said that the government's priority is to “react quickly to remove what is on the ground and deepen the investigation to discover the origin” of the spots, which began to be reported since 2 September. One of the areas with more damage is the Sergipe state, where a dense black material floated over large areas of the coast, covering rocks and sand.

      The president of Petrobras, Roberto Castello Branco, reiterated on Tuesday that the oil spilled is not “produced or sold by the company,” stating that an analysis of samples taken in several affected areas was carried out. Until Monday "133 tons of oily waste were collected," said the director before a committee of the Parliament, to which he assured that Petrobras deployed all its "available resources" to help in the cleaning. “So far it is a very strange phenomenon, there are no signs that it is decreasing. It is a very worrying disaster, ”added Castello Branco.

0CTOBER 9, 2019


    QUITO, ECUADOR    --
   Ecuador is witnessing major unrest after President Lenin Moreno announced the elimination of fuel subsidies and other measures. His anti-austerity measures are based on the IMF (International Monetary Fund) agreement which stipulates that public spending must be reigned in. Therefore, Moreno is seeking to abide by the demands of the IMF and ease Ecuador’s debt burden. However, austerity measures have sparked political unrest, notably among the indigenous community that is up in arms about the ending of fuel subsidies. After all, these subsidies have provided people on the margins with a certain degree of security.

      The Guardian reports, “Indigenous protesters have paralyzed roads around Ecuador and blocked a main highway into the capital in a fifth day of action against government austerity measures that have sparked the worst unrest in years, resulting in 477 arrests.”Hence, with Moreno fearing more disruptions in Quito, he decided to move government business and operations to Guayaquil. Despite increasing protests and the threat of further political polarization, Moreno is adamant that fuel subsidies must end.

      Moreno blames Rafael Correa (his predecessor) and President Nicolas Maduro of Venezuela. Thus, Moreno claims that the “destabilization plan” is based on the intrigues of Correa and Maduro. In other words, anti-Moreno supporters are being incited to sow the seeds of mayhem. Moreno says, “The lootings, vandalism and violence show there is an organized political motive here to destabilize the government, and break the constitutional order, break democratic order.” The seriousness of the crisis is clearly visible with Moreno temporarily moving government operations. Equally, he announced a national-emergency for two-months based on the political unrest.


  QUITO, ECUADOR     -- The president of Ecuador, Lenín Moreno, moved the government headquarters to the port city of Guayaquil on Monday and accused his predecessor, Rafael Correa, and the disputed president of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, of an attempted coup after announcing Last week a rise in fuel prices. Moreno spoke on the national radio and television network, and explained that the transfer of the government headquarters from Quito to Guayaquil was fulfilled in accordance with the constitutional powers.

      "The looting, vandalism and violence show that here there is an organized political intention to destabilize the government and break the constituted order," and noted that it is no coincidence that Correa and other senior officials of that government (2007-2017) have meeting in Venezuela in recent weeks. "The satrap of Maduro has activated along with Correa his destabilization plan (...) they are the ones behind this coup attempt and are using (...) and instrumentalizing some indigenous sectors," said the Ecuadorian president . They demonstrate the political intention of Correa, Maduro and the corrupt who must respond to justice and the country for destabilizing this democratic government.

      He added that he will not back down in his decision to raise fuels because "the right thing has no nuances." From Venezuela, the interim president, Juan Guaidó, praised Moreno's actions in a Twitter message, denounced Maduro's allies and expressed his solidarity with Ecuador. While President @ Lenin Moreno works to maintain and strengthen the Republic and institutions of Ecuador, a group financed by Maduro's accomplices in America, taking advantage of the most vulnerable, seeks to end the country's stability. Moreno's announcement took place after a day full of blockages on roads and cities in some provinces, amid clashes between protesters and the police. The first protests last week were from the carriers, but the natives joined the weekend.


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA    --  Seven Latin American countries announced on Tuesday their "strong support" for Lenin Moreno and rejected "all action" by Nicolás Maduro, and his allies to "destabilize" Ecuador, which is experiencing strong protests over rising fuel prices. "The governments of Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, El Salvador, Guatemala, Peru and Paraguay express their resounding rejection of any destabilizing attempt of legitimately constituted democratic regimes and express their strong support for the actions undertaken by President Lenin Moreno," said a statement issued in Bogotá by the Colombian Foreign Ministry.

      The seven nations also condemned any influence of Maduro, which they oppose, and their allies to "destabilize" the Ecuadorian president. "Likewise, they reject any action aimed at destabilizing our democracies by the regime of Nicolás Maduro and those who seek to extend the guidelines of their disastrous work of government to the democratic countries of the region," they said. Moreno told Maduro and former Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa on Monday to activate a "destabilization plan" to get him out of power. The Ecuadorian president was forced that day to move his government headquarters from Quito to Guayaquil before the stalking of the protesters to the unoccupied presidential palace today.

     Moreno announced on October 1 the end of fuel subsidies and their consequent price increase in compliance with an IMF requirement to lend him more than 4,000 million dollars. The decision has since caused massive protests, which have touched the country's economic fiber. The support of the group of Latin American countries joins the one given Monday by the United States, Moreno's ally, to Ecuador, where demonstrations caused the overthrow of three rulers between 1997 and 2005.

0CTOBER 8, 2019


   Venezuela has hit a worrying milestone. The United Nations says more than 4 million refugees and migrants have left the country, which is suffering from political chaos, food shortages and hyperinflation. The U.N. has called this exodus the "largest in the recent history of Latin America and the Caribbean." "The pace of the outflow from Venezuela has been staggering," the U.N.'s refugee agency UNHCR and the International Organization for Migration said in a joint statement. The numbers make it clear that the pace is escalating. The U.N. says one million people have left since November 2018. And the high rate of departure is a recent development: at the end of 2015, the U.N. says there were about 695,000 migrants and refugees from Venezuela.

     Most of the people who have left Venezuela remain in Latin America. Colombia is hosting the largest number of them, with 1.3 million, and Peru is the next-largest, with some 768,000. Chile, Ecuador, Brazil and Argentina all are hosting more than 100,000, the U.N. says. "These alarming figures highlight the urgent need to support host communities in the receiving countries," Eduardo Stein, joint UNHCR-IOM Special Representative for Venezuelan refugees and migrants, said in a statement. "Latin American and Caribbean countries are doing their part to respond to this unprecedented crisis but they cannot be expected to continue doing it without international help."

     In November, eight countries from the region met in Quito and signed an agreement to work together to work together on a humanitarian response to the refugee and migrant influx. People walk from Venezuela to Colombia through an unauthorized border crossing recently in Villa del Rosario, Colombia. Many people are leaving Venezuela by foot. People crossing the border are often without any savings because of the hyperinflation. They walk for miles – in some cases, hundreds of miles – as our team reported.


  CARACAS, VENEZUELA    -- Russia’s deputy prime minister Yuri Borisov met with Venezuela’s embattled incumbent Nicolas Maduro in Caracas on Saturday as the two countries boosted their military ties in Moscow’s apparent sign of continued support for the embattled South American leader who is resisting an intense Western pressure to quit. The meeting between Borisov and Maduro was held in the framework of the high-level intergovernmental commission (CIAN) between Caracas and Moscow, Russia’s official news agency reported. The Venezuelan leader thanked Russia for the military cooperation between the two countries, saying his nation had a solid defense grid to resist any outside aggression.

     He said that the two sides also renewed their agreements on the military-technical area during the meeting between the leaders. “The cooperation that according to the schedule perfectly and we have renewed all contracts for support, advice, and progress in the very important military-technical aspect,” said Maduro. He also indicated that the two countries have made progress in advancing agreements on the exploration of oil and gas. “There are new economic ventures with technology transfer, the participation of Russian companies in all strategic (oil and gas) production areas of the country. We have advanced tremendously throughout the oil, gas, basic business area,” he said.

    The two countries have also agreed to launch new projects in agricultural cooperation with Russian investment, technology, and support. The two sides have signed 264 agreements in the sectors like energy, mining, finance, agriculture, industries, commerce, and transport. Maduro stressed the importance of Borisov’s visit as an opportunity to consolidate the progress made during his recent trip to Moscow where he met with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin, in September. The two presidents were said to have discussed Caracas’ sovereign debt of $3 billion to Moscow which has acted as a lender of last resort for the South American nation.


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA    -- For Mayor Antonio Ledezma in exile, "getting into another session of dialogue with this tyranny would be to sit Venezuela in an electric chair." He maintains that “every day that vanishes in the middle of these dialogist darkness, it is a fatal loss to hope that reached euphoria levels on January 23, once Juan Guaidó assumed the powers of interim president of Venezuela, according to the article 233 of our National Constitution ”. Ledezma believes that “Guaidó should focus its efforts on the activation of the TIAR, to avoid that this resource is diluted in rhetoric, so I suggest that we do an urgent and intense task accompanying Ambassador Tarre Briceño, in the idea of sensitizing governments from America to assimilate the dimension of the Venezuelan tragedy and the threats that drug trafficking entails for the region, whose peace and stability are seriously threatened. ”

      The mayor in exile fulfills a work agenda in Colombia that has allowed him to hold work meetings with President Iván Duque, with Vice President Martha Lucia Ramírez, with Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo, with former Presidents Pastrana and Álvaro Uribe, as well as with the Venezuelan deputies in exile. He confirmed that he held a meeting with Foreign Minister Julio Borges to whom he ratified his determination to continue supporting the route with which we are all committed and that he has his unalterable starting point in the cessation of usurpation.

      In his presentation at the forum organized by the Conservative party on the occasion of celebrating 170 years of foundation, Antonio Ledezma explained why he questions the reinstatement of those who, for Ledezma, "are former deputies of the party that serves drug trafficking." According to Ledezma “those parliamentarians lost their respective jurisdiction once they assumed other responsibilities, in ignorance of articles 191 and 197 of our magna Carta. "In addition, what Maduro and his partners are looking for is to disturb the functioning of the National Assembly, they will try to implode it, while keeping it unfairly in contempt," he said.

0CTOBER 7, 2019


    HAVANA, CUBA     --
  The Cuban government asked Russia that Venezuelan oil ships carrying oil to the island be escorted by Russian cruisers to which the Eurasian power responded with evasion, as reflected on Saturday by the state news portal Sputnik. In an interview granted by Russian Prime Minister Dimitri Medvedev to the Vesti v subbotu program (Saturday News), when the presenter asked about the Cuban proposal to escort oil tankers militarily, the Prime Minister said they will find “other methods to help Cuba to receive oil and its derivatives ”. Medvedev has just finished a two-day official visit to the island, struck by the economic crisis of his ally and benefactor, the government of Nicolás  Maduro, as well as by the US sanctions and the chronic inefficiency of the national economy.

      During his visit, the Russian Prime Minister did not promise that his country will replace Venezuela, as the main energy support, but signed numerous collaboration agreements, among which is the restoration and modernization of the railway infrastructure in Cuba worth $ 2,064 millions and an implementation period of ten years. Medvedev also attended the inauguration of the first horizontal oil drilling well in Cuba, a joint project between the Eurasian country and the Island, under the signatures Zarubezhneft and the Cuba-Petroleum Union. According to Medvedev, Miguel Díaz-Canel, reiterated during the negotiations the willingness of his country to pay all the debt.

     Medvedev stressed that Cuba "is a sister country" for Russia. "A large number of Cubans studied in our land, and we simply know that country well," he added. However, Russia's lukewarmness at the Cuban request to escort the tankers is bad news for the Plaza de la Revolución de la Habana at a time when at least three Venezuelan ships of the six planned are headed for Cuba loaded with oil as part of a flotilla. The total shipment will be about 3 million barrels of refined products and heavy crude from Petróleos de Venezuela S.A. (PDVSA), according to Argus Media, a portal specialized in the sector.


  CARACAS, VENEZUELA    -- Terepaima, Paramaconi and Manuela Sáenz, owned by the state-owned Petróleos of Venezuela (PDVSA), are on their way to Cuba. They are expected to arrive at the ports of Cienfuegos and Matanzas, reports the Argus Media portal, specializing in the energy market. These shipments are understood as a challenge by Nicolás Maduro to the president of the United States, Donald Trump. This issued sanctions to cut the supply of Venezuelan oil to Havana, understanding that without these resources the Raúl Castro regime would crumble.

     In fact, an energy crisis broke out in Cuba in September, causing blackouts, queues at gas stations and problems in public transport. Before the situation got older, Maduro broke the blockade in the second week of September and was able to deliver oil to Havana. Not happy with that, he now redoubled his challenge and incidentally, he threw all the consequences on his back.

     As the newspaper 14ymedio, of the Cuban journalist Yoani Sánchez, said on the recent visit of Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev to Havana, Russia signed agreements on all types of matters, but on energy. That responsibility is assumed by Maduro. According to Argus, Maduro intends to quadruple its shipments of crude oil to Cuba. Up to three million barrels of refined products and heavy crude will ship PDVSA in the first half of October.


   Washington, d.c.    -- Exxon Mobil Corp banned this week the use of freighters that have been linked to oil flows from Venezuela during the last year, according to four sources familiar with the matter, which increases the pressure against the South American country in times of rate hikes of oil transportation.
     Washington has imposed several sanctions on Venezuela this year to overthrow President Nicolás Maduro, whose 2018 re-election has been considered a farce by the United States and dozens of other countries. Some measures have led oil tankers to stop transporting for the Venezuelan state-owned company PDVSA The contractual clause of the US oil giant would affect about 250 freighters, two of the sources estimated. Exxon did not immediately respond to a request for comment.

      More than 25 foreign ships arrive in Venezuelan ports every month, according to data from PDVSA and Refinitiv Eikon. It is known that some turn off their transponders to avoid harsh US sanctions. The lack of vessels willing to transport Venezuela's oil exports is hurting Cuba, the country's main political ally devastated by the crisis, which imposed new austerity measures last month due to power outages and acute fuel shortages. Reuters

0CTOBER 4, 2019


  The DICTATOR of Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, called on Wednesday to strengthen military and intelligence cooperation with Cuba, during a farewell ceremony by the Cuban ambassador to the country, Rogelio Polanco, after 10 years of diplomatic work. "Let us continue military cooperation with Cuba and at the intelligence level to strengthen the integral defense capacity of Venezuela, of Cuba," the president said in a message about the brotherhood between Caracas and Havana.

     Maduro defended this type of cooperation with the Miguel Díaz-Canel Administration by arguing that his country has the right to defend itself and that, he added, "love and Cuba unite Venezuela." The president also urged to continue with the energy exchange, whereby Venezuela sends oil to the island, as well as with cooperation in the areas of health and education, which includes the hiring of thousands of Cuban professionals in the South American country.

     Maduro, who decorated the Cuban ambassador, celebrated that "a group of doctors, educators and military officers" were present at the event. Polanco, on the other hand, said he received the distinction "on behalf of the thousands of compatriots who fulfill their internationalist work in Venezuela," and said they have "few hours" left to return to the island. "Cuba will never renounce or betray its principles or Venezuela," said the diplomat after denouncing the "genocidal blockade" that the United States has imposed on the Maduro Executive and his highest representatives.


  CARACAS, VENEZUELA    --  The vice president of the Criminal Forum, Gonzalo Himiob, provided a balance of current figures of political prisoners where he clarified that they are not given full freedom to those released, “we have 470 prisoners registered since the beginning of this week, however We are confirming, because yesterday there were some releases within what is the context of the agreements reached with Michelle Bachelet, UN High Commissioner. He pointed out that since last week four people have been released, including two women with a release card. In turn, the director explained that they do not give the guarantee of anything to the people who are arrested, for walking in "improper places", including the military or other adherents to the ruling party, generating an increase in the ranks of political prisoners,

       "Nobody has a guarantee, we have people who were arrested for being in the wrong place at the wrong time, including militants of the ruling party who had the bad luck of passing near a protest in 2014 and officials were obliged to cover a kind of detainee fee That happened with many people and we were very surprised to see that cases of people in street situations were taking us, no one is exempt from this barbarism not knocking at his door, ”Himiob urged in an interview with Roman Lozinski. Alerted about the "full freedom" not granted and that by right corresponds to them. "For at least we have a total of 8,908 people subject to criminal proceedings for political reasons but under precautionary measures, they are not so imprisoned but have their freedom restricted either with a ban on leaving the country or filing regime," he said.

     Meanwhile, the director of the Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) denounced the conditions in which prisoners live daily, using "procedural delay" as the use of punishment where prisoners are forced to admit alleged acts they have not committed. "Of these 470 people, 20 are convicted and because they have been forced or forced to admit the facts, but the rest are prosecuted because their trial is delayed a lot and there is a very serious situation because the criminal process becomes a different tool from the search for the truth that is an applied sanction, what they show is that the criminal process is not to seek the truth but a punishment,” he said However, he revealed that the cases of the detained military are the most serious. “The military prisoners are more serious issues because not only is it sought to punish with an unjust prison but with the mistreatment they suffer to send a message to the rest of the military world, the message is not only that I will put you in prison but that I will torture you."


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA    --  Deputy Julio Borges, commissioner of the National Assembly (AN) for Foreign Affairs, assured the Colombian Congress that the crisis in Venezuela is no longer a state problem to become a regional crisis. "It is no longer a" dictatorship, "or a" failed state, "but a" sanctuary where terrorism and organized crime are promoted, "he said. In the framework of the meeting of parliamentarians of the region in defense of the AN, held in the Colombian capitol with the assistance of Venezuelan deputies “persecuted by the government of Nicolás Maduro”, Borges said that Colombia and the other countries of the region must have clarity about the situation in Venezuela as a threat to the peace and democracy of the region.

       Borges said in Bogotá that, by the Venezuelan opposition, "all efforts" have been made and "thousands of times" have been taken to the streets, mechanisms have been activated and "the dictatorship has thrown us the door of freedom in the face". He recalled that the opposition put on the negotiating table, established in Barbados through the mediation of the Kingdom of Norway, a concrete exit to the crisis in Venezuela. Deputy Tomás Guanipa asked the Colombian Congress for protection for Venezuelan migrants, who have had to flee in search of a better quality of life. "12 countries receive Venezuelans with expired passports, which means an advance in this serious crisis that the Venezuelan population is experiencing," said the opposition legislator.

     Guanipa called on the region to close ranks and continue to exert pressure against "the dictatorship of Nicolás Maduro." "We must continue to push all international pressure for the dictatorship of Nicolás Maduro out of power and Venezuelans can go to free elections, this translates into more diplomatic encirclement, more sanctions to those responsible for the crisis and unanimous condemnation of rape of Human Rights, ”said Guanipa. The Zulian deputy stressed that Maduro means a "danger to the region" for its "clear links with irregular groups on the Colombian-Venezuelan border."

0CTOBER 3, 2019


  The President of the National Assembly (AN), Juan Guaidó, presented through a video call the humanitarian crisis that is going through Venezuela which is due to the mismanagement of the Government of Nicolás Maduro in the economic, social and political aspect, which is affecting Colombia and other neighboring countries due to the high Venezuelan migration. He also pointed out that "today the complex humanitarian emergency affects Colombia, Chile, and other countries in the region" and in turn, thanked all the representatives of Congress and the countries of the region, for the efforts they have made to achieve a peaceful solution to the Venezuelan crisis.

     Therefore, the opposition leader said he was also grateful for the request of the Organization of American States (OAS) and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (Acnur) to grant refugee status to Venezuelan migrants. . Guaidó emphasized that international pressure against Maduro must be maintained until Venezuela's freedom is achieved. The session of the Upper Chamber of Colombia was attended by Venezuelan deputies in exile, as well as parliamentarians from Ecuador, Chile, Argentina, Paraguay and Colombia.

    For his part, the deputy in exile, Tomás Guanipa, said that there are many things we have to do "to keep pushing Maduro out. Our effort outside is to be useful to Venezuelans who are emigrating from the country . " On the other hand, the deputy Julio Borges, said that "between Colombia and Venezuela is generating the third country of violence promoted by Maduro, by the dictatorship of Cuba and organized crime." He added that "all efforts have been made, we have gone to the streets thousands of times, we have activated mechanisms and the dictatorship has thrown us the door of freedom in the face."


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA    --  The members of the Accidental Commission of Follow-up of the Declaration of Cúcuta by Venezuela of the Colombian Senate, met on Wednesday, October 2 with more than 20 Venezuelan deputies and members of the congresses of Ecuador Chile and Paraguay with the intention of coordinating actions that contribute to mitigate the suffering of Venezuelans leaving the country due to the existing crisis. During the meeting, the President of the National Assembly and President (E) of Venezuela Juan Guaidó, made a videoconference intervention where he thanked the parliamentarians present for their cooperation in the midst of the critical situation generated by the dictatorship.

     Guaidó reiterated the political route proposed to achieve the cessation of usurpation, the transitional government and free elections; Our route and objectives remain the same and are contained in the agreement approved yesterday in the National Assembly. Tal como lo propuso el senador @Rodrigo_Lara_ y acogimos en esta Comisión, vamos a continuar la presión al regimen de Nicolas Maduro y perseguir sus capitales y cualquier actividad ilícita asociada a sus aliados dentro de los países.

     After the words of Cepeda, it was the turn of the Presidential Commissioner for Foreign Affairs of Venezuela, Julio Borges, who said that the Venezuelan crisis was no longer a state problem to become a regional crisis; Borges also reiterated that in Venezuela there is no longer a dictatorship or a failed state, but a sanctuary of terrorism and organized crime.


     WASHINGTON, D.C.  --  Citgo was able to quickly respond to a de facto ban that the United States imposed on crude business with its parent company PDVSA in January, which immediately boosted imports from Canada, Latin America and West Africa at its US refineries, he said Wednesday. The president of the company. "That is one of the things we accomplished and I think we did it very successfully," said Luisa Palacios, president of Citgo, during an energy conference. But imminent bond payments and creditors' drive to seize the company threaten the stability of the US subsidiary of PDVSA.

      "There is a world of creditors who want to have Citgo in their hands," said Risa Grais-Targow, director for Latin America of the Eurasia Group. "It is a foreign asset [of PDVSA] and this is a government that owes a lot of money to many people." Most urgent is a bond payment of more than 900 million dollars that expires at the end of this month in the PDVSA 2020 bonus, backed by a majority stake in Citgo. Control of the company's US assets, including complex refineries in Lake Charles, Louisiana, Corpus Christi, Texas and Lemont, Illinois, is at stake.

      Guaidó, who is the leader of the National Assembly of Venezuela and recognized by the US and other countries as the legitimate leader of Venezuela, has pressured the Trump administration to order an executive order to protect Citgo from creditors and has so far opted for a similar option with the United Nations. Palacios said Wednesday that Citgo has carried out an aggressive campaign to consolidate its debt, including replacing overdue credit lines of 1.2 billion dollars with a five-year term loan and 1.2 billion dollars. , and bonds for 1.87 billion dollars with a four-year loan. Still, he said it was not clear why the Trump administration would not issue such an order, since the debt is a subject of the "legacy" created by the Chavez regime of Nicolás Maduro.

0CTOBER 2, 2019


 The president in charge of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó, offers a press conference to take stock of the situation in the country and ensures that he is in the immediate search to achieve a solution to the humanitarian emergency that is being experienced in the country. “The message is very clear from them when they put more pressure on the regime of Nicolás Maduro. The reflection of this was last week at the UN general assembly. We have said it again and again. We are looking for, quickly, a solution to this emergency that the country is going through, ”President Guaidó told national and international media.

      “It's time to find a real solution to the crisis the country is going through. It is vitally important to highlight what we have been doing before the international instances. The regime of Nicolás Maduro is increasingly isolated. That is why we tell the Maduro regime: make a comparison of how they received them before and how they receive them now in other countries. Today while the regime does political tourism and does not fulfill agreements between them, while they are left alone and exposed, we are advancing internationally. To them, the international community does the ‘fo '”, he said.

      "The fight in Venezuela, has nothing to do with a position, it has to do with a political proposal that seeks the solution to the political crisis," he said. Regarding the reinstatement of official deputies to the National Assembly, Guaidó insisted that “for us, in the framework of the Constitution, all the deputies will be given the right to speak. Hopefully, with the reinstatement of some members of Chavismo, they respect the national Parliament. ” On the other hand, regarding the number of Venezuelan migrants in the world, he reiterated that “the Maduro regime continues to deny the number of migrants, they said at the UN. According to the Maduro regime there is no migration here. ”


   CARACAS, VENEZUELA   --  What the Minister of Defense, G / J Vladimir Padrino López, subscribes in resolution NO. 032776, dated September 20, 2019, throws several unknowns. In that document, the high official expresses that he goes on an active reserve , as they now disguise the retirement of the Armed Forces, to 21 colonels of the Bolivarian Army component. But he does not do so because these officers requested it, but because Nicolás Maduro ordered that an article called “ maximum permanence in the grade ” be applied , which Hugo Chávez dusted at the time to remove the untrustworthy officers from the military institution .

     When a military man is not promoted, they can apply maximum permanence in the grade , arguing that he already has a lot of time in the military degree he holds. Let's see what the Organic Law of the National Armed Forces says, which Chávez handled and modified a lot. In section III, called Jobs, is article 128, which is cited in the decree signed by the military owner and says: “ It is up to the President of the Republic to confer jobs in the National Armed Forces, according to the needs of the service and the capacity of the designee . " The immediate article, 129 states that "to confer a job must take into account not only the degree, but also the seniority in relation to the other Officers who serve in the same Unit or Military Unit." The incumbent will grant the military in command the attributions, the rights, the responsibility and the remunerations that are inherent to him in accordance with the respective Law.

    The interim implies the effective possession of the job for a certain time and places the person who performs it on equal terms to the one who holds it as the holder. The accidental constitutes a momentary replacement due to the absence or impediment of the holder or the interim and only gives the right to command and attributions, during the time in which it is exercised. The other reference article is 138, which emphasizes that " in no way may an Officer of lesser rank than the highest or oldest officer in the unit, service or unit be appointed to command ." All that the Law says is very good and would be very valid in other conditions of the Armed Forces, but it is not justified at all at this time when the level of desertion in the armed institution is alarming.


     HAVANA, CUBA  -- Cuban Foreign Minister Bruno Rodríguez declared Tuesday to be “extremely optimistic” about relations with the United States and said there is no turning back on what was achieved when former President Barack Obama brought together the two nations in 2014. "There is a historical trend that is irreversible," Rodriguez said during an interview with The Associated Press. “The relations between the United States and Cuba can never be the same as those before December 2014. There have been essential events. There have been levels of communication and mutual knowledge between both peoples that are irreversible. ”

     Rodriguez stressed that the cooling of the relations under the government of President Donald Trump and the intensification of his sanctions against the island are partly due to his campaign to try to be re-elected to the White House. "It is unfortunate. We expect it to be a temporary situation, ”he said. Since he came to power in 2017 Trump has restricted the trips of his citizens to the island, has limited the remittances that migrants can send, has formed blacklists of Cuban companies, canceled permits for cruises to the island and repatriated almost everyone officials of the newly opened US embassy in Havana, while the rhetoric intensified against senior Cuban officials.

     These measures represent a reversal of Obama's policy, who along with the then Cuban president Raúl Castro declared in 2014 the restoration of diplomatic relations. On Tuesday Rodriguez stressed that these achievements represent "a historical accumulation." "I do not believe that it is in the hands of any government to prevent, in a globalized world and between two countries that have many common cultural aspects and a long common history, that these links increase or that the flows of free and true information are restricted," said the chancellor, who traveled to New York on the occasion of the annual meeting of the United Nations General Assembly.

0CTOBER 1st., 2019


Venezuela's national oil company, PDVSA, plans to restart limited oil processing this week at its Amuay refinery of 635,000 b / d capacity, after a blackout and fire that closed the plant on September 20. According to four PdV workers who spoke with Argus during an unauthorized tour in Amuay over the weekend, PDVSA expects to partially restart the distillation unit and the 104,000 b / d fluidized catalytic cracking of the refinery in the middle of this week. But workers warned of possible delays. Four other distillation units in Amuay are out of service indefinitely because US sanctions prohibit PDVSA from importing the necessary spare parts, workers said. Amuay had been the only one of the PdV refineries that was operating before the close of September 20.

      Amuay and the nearby Cardon refinery of 305,000 b / d capacity comprise the CRP refining complex of 940,000 b / d of PDVSA on the Paraguaná peninsula in Falcón state. The CRP represents more than 72% of the internal refining capacity of 1.3 million barrels per day of the company, which is currently out of service. The state-owned company Corpoelec restored the electricity supply to the CRP within 36 hours after the blackout, which oil and electricity ministries attributed to lightning during a thunderstorm. But the blackout that affected the entire Paraguaná peninsula did not give PDVSA time to implement secure shutdown protocols for its few operating units, workers said.

     Amuay, once considered among the largest and most modern refineries in the world, had been processing around 120,000 b / d of crude before the blackout and the subsequent explosion in a hydrotreatment unit of 85,000 b / d. The Cardón refinery has been inactive since July. Argus could not access Cardón's facilities. The Amuay 85,000 b / d hydrotreatment unit (HDAY3) was destroyed by the fire and will remain out of service indefinitely, workers said. It is not clear how PDVSA expects to replace Amuay's lost hydrotreator, which is essential to remove sulfur from vacuum diesel intended for the Fluidized Catalytic Cracking Unit ( FCC).


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA    --  Colombia on Monday publicly defended a dossier it says proves Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro supports guerrilla groups and drug traffickers, but removed the armed forces’ head of intelligence after widespread criticism of the report. Colombia has long accused Maduro of sheltering rebel fighters and crime gang members. The allegations reached a fever pitch last month when several former commanders from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia

      (FARC) said they were re-arming in a video Colombian officials say was filmed in Venezuela.  President Ivan Duque announced in a speech to the United Nations General Assembly last week that he would give the organization a dossier of “conclusive proof,” including photographs, of Maduro’s support for terrorist groups. The dossier included years-old, uncredited photos from news agencies taken in Colombia - not in Venezuela - which led Maduro to dismiss the dossier’s contents and sparked widespread criticism of Duque from media outlets and nongovernmental organizations. The armed forces’ head of intelligence, General Oswaldo Pena, was removed from his post because of the photographs, high-level government and military sources told Reuters.

      A statement from the defense ministry made no mention of Pena being fired, but said in a statement that he had presented his resignation because of “the necessity of responding for my actions.” “What’s important is the grave threat of the Maduro regime to the peace and stability of Colombia, the grave threat of the Maduro regime to the peace, the security and stability of the region,” Trujillo said. The head of the national police, General Oscar Atehortua, presented photographs of three leaders from the National Liberation Army (ELN) rebels he said had been taken in public in Venezuelan cities and obtained from devices confiscated in military operations.


     TEHRAN, IRAN  --  Iran’s Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) commander on Monday said that wiping Israel off the map is now an “achievable goal” thanks to the country’s technological advances. Gen. Hossein Salami’s comments, delivered before an audience of IRGC leaders, were carried by multiple news outlets, including the state-funded IRNA agency. “This sinister regime must be wiped off the map and this is no longer … a dream (but) it is an achievable goal,” Salami said.

      He added that the country has “managed to obtain the capacity to destroy the imposter Zionist regime,” four decades after the Iranian Revolution. “The second step of the revolution is the step that rearranges the constellation of power in favor of the revolution. Iran’s Islamic evolution will be on top of this constellation,” Salami said, adding, “In the second step, we will be thinking of the global mobilization of Islam.” Salami’s incendiary comments come amid heightened tensions between Tehran and Western allies over the United States' withdrawal from a controversial pact that promised eased sanctions if Iran curbed its nuclear ambitions.

     Tehran also made recent headlines after its Saudi neighbors accused Iran of attacking its oil facilities. On Monday, Iran said that the missile-and-drone attack was an act of “legitimate defense” by Yemen’s Iran-allied Houthi rebels. The Sept. 14 assault was claimed by the Houthis, though Saudi Arabia said it was “unquestionably sponsored by Iran.” The kingdom has been at war with the Houthis in Yemen since March 2015.








Dr. Manuel  Artime  Bueza


 Poem to