THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 2019     <  >     <  >     <  >     (CAMCO)       Washington, D..C.       *******   SECRETARY MIKE POMPEO: SAUDI OIL FIELD ATTACK IS AN "ACT OF WAR"       ********      (CAMCO)     Washington, D..C.       *******      FOREIGN MINISTERS OF THE TIAR WILL MEET IN NEW YORK TO INVOKE THE CRISIS DEFENSE PACT IN VENEZUELA    ********    (CAMCO)       Caracas, Venezuela       *******    THE GOVERNMENT OF JUAN GUIDO AFTER EDGAR ZAMBRANO'S RELEASE: THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE KIDNAPPING MUST BE PROSECUTED     <><>  <>    END   <><>  <>  THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 19, 2019     <  >     <  >     <  >     (CAMCO)       Washington, D..C.       *******   SECRETARY MIKE POMPEO: SAUDI OIL FIELD ATTACK IS AN "ACT OF WAR"       ********      (CAMCO)     Washington, D..C.       *******      FOREIGN MINISTERS OF THE TIAR WILL MEET IN NEW YORK TO INVOKE THE CRISIS DEFENSE PACT IN VENEZUELA    ********    (CAMCO)       Caracas, Venezuela       *******    THE GOVERNMENT OF JUAN GUIDO AFTER EDGAR ZAMBRANO'S RELEASE: THOSE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE KIDNAPPING MUST BE PROSECUTED     <><>  <>    END   <><>  <>  

















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SEPTEMBER 10, 2019


Andres Oppenheimer  //  The Miami Herald 

This is no joke: Venezuela — the most repressive regime in the Americas since the days of Argentina and Chile’s military dictatorships in the 1970s — is expected to win a seat at the Geneva-based U.N. Human Rights Council.

I almost choked on my coffee when I first heard about this in a recent interview with Ernesto Araujo, Brazil’s foreign minister. But when I contacted several human-rights groups to see if such a travesty were possible, they all confirmed that it’s likely to happen.

Never mind that, according to the United Nations’ own High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet, Venezuelan dictator Nicolás Maduro’s death squads are responsible for more than 6,800 extrajudicial killings just between January 2018 and May 2019.

In addition, the U.N. report cites widespread use of torture against political prisoners, including electric shocks, suffocation with plastic bags and sexual violence. There were at least 2,000 political arrests in the first five months of this year. There were 720 political prisoners in May, Bachelet’s report said.

And yet, according to YourHRC, UNWatch and other human-rights groups, Venezuela — alongside Brazil — is almost sure to win one of Latin America’s two vacant seats at the Human Right Council at the upcoming U.N. General Assembly session.

The General Assembly elected the 47 members of the Human Rights Council. Candidates need two-thirds of the General Assembly’s votes, or 126 votes, to be elected.

“Right now, Venezuela’s election is almost certain to happen because there are only two seats available for Latin America at the Council — and only two countries are running,” UNWatch director Hillel Neuer told me.

Since the Council election is scheduled to take place October, it may be too late for another Latin American country to run successfully against Venezuela. Normally, countries running for a Council seat announce their candidacy more than a year in advance to have time to lobby for it, Neuer added.

Many of the world’s worst dictatorships spend considerable time and money to get a Council seat at the Council, to protect themselves from human rights accusations. Among the current members of the Council are Saudi Arabia, China, and Cuba, which is leading the lobbying effort for Venezuela’s election to the Council.

Often, dictatorships offer democratic countries their support for their candidacies for seats at U.N. economic commissions — which free countries are more interested in — in exchange for democracies’ support at the U.N. Human Rights Council.

“Venezuela’s likely election to the Council is truly scandalous,” says Jose Miguel Vivanco, head of the Americas department of the Human Rights Watch advocacy group. “Latin American countries that have denounced Venezuela’s abuses should propose a third regional candidate to defeat Venezuela’s almost certain election.”|

And so should President Trump. Unfortunately, Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Council and several other multilateral forums such as the Paris Climate Accord — as well as Trump’s verbal attacks on America’s European allies and his downsizing of the State Department — have severely eroded America’s clout in the diplomatic community around the world.

As a result, America has less influence than ever in recent times to sway African, Asian and European countries to stop Venezuela’s election to the Council.

Nevertheless, some human rights-advocates are demanding a last-minute diplomatic offensive by the United States, the 28-member European Union and Latin America’s Group of Lima — made up of Brazil, Argentina, Colombia and other countries that are pressing for democracy in Venezuela — to recruit a third

Latin American country that could defeat Venezuela’s candidacy. “It’s late, and it would be very difficult, but it’s not impossible,” says Neuer, of UNWatch.

Instead of making empty statements against the Maduro regime that are mainly aimed at winning Cuban-American and Venezuelan-American votes in Florida, the Trump administration should use what’s left of U.S. leverage abroad to muster votes to defeat Venezuela’s candidacy. Latin American countries should do the same.

Otherwise, Venezuela’s dictator will soon be able to claim a major diplomatic victory, while the democratic world was sound asleep.


Photogallery          Photogallery



Outline of the September 11 attacks

The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the September 11 attacks and their consequences:

The September 11 attacks were four coordinated suicide attacks upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C., area on September 11, 2001.
On that Tuesday morning, 19 terrorists from the Islamist militant group al-Qaeda hijacked four passenger jets. The hijackers intentionally crashed two planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, into the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City; both towers collapsed within two hours.

Hijackers crashed American Airlines Flight 77 into the Pentagon in Arlington, Virginia. The fourth jet, United Airlines Flight 93, crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania, after passengers attempted to take control before it could reach the hijackers' intended target in Washington, D.C. Nearly 3,000 died in the attacks, and the 9/11 attacks have had broad and lasting consequences to military policy, politics, and foreign relations. Effects have also been seen in literature, film, and popular culture.




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SEPTEMBER 19, 2019


     WASHINGTON, D.C.     --    The US Secretary of State arrived in Saudi Arabia on Wednesday while tensions in the Middle East continue to rise, four days after oil fields and a processing plant in the kingdom were attacked. Speaking to reporters in the western city of Jeddah, Mike Pompeo called the weekend's attacks an "act of war," and said "this was an Iranian attack" against Saudi Arabia. Even if the "fraudulent" claims of responsibility by Yemen-backed Iranian rebels from Yemen were true, Pompeo added, "it does not change Ayatollah's fingerprints because it has jeopardized the world's energy supply."

    In that same context, Saudi Arabia alleged on Wednesday, during a press conference, that the drone and cruise missile attack was "undoubtedly sponsored by Iran," naming but not directly accusing Tehran of launching the assault. The conference was led by Saudi military spokesman, Colonel Turki al-Malki, who has sought help from international and United Nations investigators to determine responsibilities."The attack was launched from the north and was undoubtedly sponsored by Iran," al-Malki told reporters. By not saying that the missiles were launched from Iran, the kingdom potentially avoids a response that could lead to war between heavyweight countries in the region and the international superpower, the United States.

     However, not retaliating for the attacks also carries the risk of leaving Saudi Arabia exposed to continuous attacks. The press call had as background the broken and burned drones and pieces of a cruise missile supposedly collected from the attacks. Al-Malki described the drones as models of "delta wings," which looked like large triangles. The cruise missile, which al-Malki described as a "Ya Ali" type, had a small jet engine connected. Eighteen drones and seven cruise missiles were launched in the assault, Al-Malki said, with three missiles that failed to reach their targets. He said the cruise missiles had a range of 700 kilometers (435 miles), which means they could not have been fired from inside Yemen.


     WASHINGTON, D.C.   --   Foreign ministers from the countries of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Tiar) will meet on Monday in New York to invoke the defense pact for the crisis in Venezuela, the Colombian ambassador to the United States reported Wednesday. "Yesterday at a meeting here in Washington of the ambassadors who are in the Tiar process, the decision was made that on Monday there is a meeting in New York at ministerial level," said the Colombian ambassador to the United States, Francisco Santos The purpose of the meeting is "the decision to invoke and from there to make respective decisions against sanctions," but the diplomat said that "in no way means that the use of military actions is approved."

     Last week the foreign ministers were summoned after a vote in the Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS) in which 12 of the 19 countries that make up the pact voted in favor of activating the Group's Consultation Body. According to the treaty, in the Consultation Body the decisions require two thirds of the votes of the participating states to be adopted. The ambassador also informed that in his speech before the UN Assembly, the president of Colombia, Iván Duque, will present "evidence on the active support of Venezuela to Colombian terrorist groups in his territory."

     Duque will also ask for “the activation of resolution 1373”, which urges states to prevent and suppress the financing of “terrorist” acts and refrain from supporting entities that participate in those actions. Colombia accuses the regime of Nicolás Maduro of giving shelter in Venezuela to the dissident group of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc) which, led by Iván Márquez. Márquez, former number two of the guerrilla movement and chief negotiator in the peace talks, announced his rearmament after departing from the agreements signed in 2016 with the Colombian government. In August, Duque had already announced that he would denounce the government of Nicolás Maduro before the UN General Assembly for allegedly sponsoring and protecting "Colombian terrorists" in Venezuela.



   CARACAS, VENEZUELA     --The First Vice President of the National Assembly, Edgar Zambrano, kidnapped by the forces of the dictatorship on May 8, 2019, was released the afternoon of Tuesday, September 17. The dictatorship led by Nicolás Maduro aims to claim the achievement of his release as his own, when it has been international, citizen pressure and the work done by the legitimate government, who achieved the release of the deputy from his abduction.

     The parliamentarian Édgar Zambrano, as well as the rest of the political prisoners, should never have been deprived of their freedom. In the particular case of the deputy, nothing more was the kidnapping but the violation of his Human Rights and his parliamentary immunity. Those responsible for the kidnapping must be prosecuted and brought to justice, when compliance with the route set by President Juan Guaidó is achieved, responding to the cessation of usurpation, transitional government and free elections. In Venezuela there are more than 500 political prisoners, therefore we reaffirm the route of proposing a real solution to the country, where justice is true and the real culprits punished.

      The High Commissioner's Report, Michelle Bachelet, dismantled the regime's lie by considering that human rights violations of “millions of people” in the country continue, murders and political harassment of citizens protesting against the dictatorship, recognizing the false discourse of the regime in solving the crisis in Venezuela. The commitment remains in force and therefore deputies of the National Assembly ratified Juan Guaidó as interim President of Venezuela to remain in office until the cessation of usurpation, recognizing Parliament as the only legitimate and autonomous power. The commitment remains in force and therefore deputies of the National Assembly ratified Juan Guaidó as interim President of Venezuela to remain in office until the cessation of usurpation, recognizing Parliament as the only legitimate and autonomous power.

SEPTEMBER 18, 2019


     CARACAS, VENEZUELA     --    Venezuelan lawmakers from small opposition parties on Friday said Juan Guaido should continue as head of congress in 2020, waiving their option to lead the legislature under an informal agreement to rotate leadership between parties.

       The announcement ended speculation of an opposition rift over the 2020 legislative term, which under a 2016 agreement within the opposition would have fallen to a group of 17 small parties. Guaido in January declared President Nicolas Maduro a usurper and assumed a rival interim presidency that has been recognized by more than 50 countries, and the opposition is keen for him to remain in the post.

      “The national interest comes first,” Carlos Berrizbeitia, a lawmaker from the small Venezuela Project party, told reporters. “Until the usurpation ends, the president of the National Assembly will be Juan Guaido.” Venezuela’s constitution says that in the event of a presidential vacancy, the presidency falls to the head of the National Assembly until a new election is held. Maduro calls Guaido a U.S. puppet seeking to oust him through a coup and has suggested he may be arrested for treason.


     CARACAS, VENEZUELA  --   The Venezuelan opposition said Sunday that the dialogue mechanism through the Norwegian Foreign Ministry to seek a way out of the country's deep political crisis ended six weeks after the government of President Nicolás Maduro suspended his participation. The talks, which were mostly held on the Caribbean island of Barbados, began after the opposition leader Juan Guaidó in April led a failed military uprising against Maduro, accused of human rights violations, hyperinflation and the economic collapse that has caused the flight of millions of Venezuelans.

     Maduro's delegation withdrew in early August in response to the decision of US President Donald Trump to tighten sanctions against the OPEC nation. "The dictatorial regime of Nicolás Maduro abandoned the negotiation process with fallacious excuses," Guaidó's office said in a statement released on Twitter. "After more than 40 days in which they have refused to continue in it, we confirm that the Barbados mechanism was exhausted." Critics of the dialogue within Venezuela's opposition coalition allege that Maduro was negotiating in bad faith and used the talks to gain time.

     Neither the Ministry of Communication and Information of Venezuela nor the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Norway responded immediately to requests for comment. Guiadó, who presides over the National Assembly controlled by the opposition, in January invoked the Constitution of Venezuela to assume the interim presidency, arguing that the re-election of Maduro in 2018 was fraudulent. More than 50 countries, including the United States, have recognized Guaidó as the legitimate leader of the South American country.


   CARACAS, VENEZUELA     --Venezuela's state-owned oil company, PDVSA, has suspended crude oil mixing operations at its 210,000 b / d PetroPiar joint venture with Chevron due to storage limitations, according to several Venezuelan oil industry officials consulted by Argus. PetroPiar, one of the four Orinoco breeders built in the late 1990s to produce improved sweet crude mainly for the US market, had been producing around 130,000 b / d of the Merey 16th API segregation since July 27 and was expected which will reach 170,000 b / d at the end of August. But production averaged less than 100,000 b / d in early September before closing, an oil union official at PetroPiar said.

     The plant had been mixing the extra-heavy crude from the Orinoco Belt with the light domestic grades Mesa and Santa Barbara to produce the Merey grade traditionally craved by Indian and Chinese refineries. The suspension is linked to the decline in exports and the lack of operational storage capacity. PDVSA has been struggling to market its heavy sour oil, offering loads with great discounts, in the face of US sanctions that have taken many buyers away, with the notable exception of the Rosneft controlled by the state of Russia. Even the Chinese have temporarily halted charges in an apparent trade tactic related to Beijing's broader trade dispute with the United States.

     The closure of PetroPiar comes before the expiration of October 27 of a US sanctions exemption that has allowed Chevron to continue operating in Venezuela despite the US oil restrictions imposed at the end of January.It is not clear whether Chevron, which is one of PDVSA's last active foreign partners, may continue or be forced to withdraw along with a handful of oil service companies. The September 14 attacks in Saudi Arabia that have raised oil prices today could strengthen a moderate approach that would keep Chevron on the ground for now. PetroPiar had been the only one of the four improvers in operation at the José terminal. The 140,000 b / d PetroMonagas de PdV joint venture with Rosneft and PetroCedeno of 200,000 b / d with the European partners Total and Equinor have been in recirculation mode for months while PDVSA modernizes the key units in both facilities to prepare them for mixing in place of improvement. They had scheduled to start producing Merey crude in August.

SEPTEMBER 17, 2019


     WASHINGTON, D.C.      --    White House officials have no doubt Iran is to blame for attackS on Saudi oil supply. President Trump says the U.S. is 'locked and loaded' against the attackers of a key Saudi oil facility 'depending on verification'; Mark Meredith reports. Cruise missiles and drones used in the weekend assault on Saudi Arabia's oil installations were launched from Iranian soil, U.S. officials told Fox News on Monday. The early morning strikes Saturday that hit Aramco's main crude processing facility knocked out 5.7 million barrels of daily oil production for Saudi Arabia -- or more than 5 percent of the world's daily crude production.

      Defense Secretary Mark Esper attended an emergency National Security Council meeting on Sunday at the White House along with Vice President Pence, where military options were discussed, officials told Fox News. On Monday afternoon, Esper said on Twitter he returned to the Pentagon from a meeting at the White House where Department of Defense leadership discussed the situation. The Defense Secretary said he spoke with the Crown Prince of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Mohammad bin Salman, and Iraqi Minister of Defense al-Shammary about the recent attack on Saudi Arabian oil facilities. "The United States military, with our interagency team, is working with our partners to address this unprecedented attack and defend the international rules-based order that is being undermined by Iran," Esper said.

     Monday in Austria, Energy Secretary Rick Perry placed the blame for the attack squarely on Iran. "I want to reiterate that the United States wholeheartedly condemns Iran's attack on the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and we call on other nations to do the same," Perry told reporters. “This behavior is unacceptable. It is unacceptable and they must be held responsible." U.S. satellite imagery shows about 17 points of impact on key infrastructure. (US Official) ABC was first to report that Iran launched the weapons used in the attack. Satellite photos released by the Trump administration show at least 17 impacts at two major Saudi oil installations -- with what officials say was pinpoint accuracy -- slashing Saudi Arabia's oil output by half. "Iran has now launched an unprecedented attack on the world’s energy supply," Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said, in part, on Twitter. "There is no evidence the attacks came from Yemen."


WASHINGTON, D.C. -- After the recent departure of National Security Advisor John Bolton, the Donald Trump administration wants to speed up the pace and achieve a transition in Venezuela “as soon as possible,” a senior State Department official told the Miami Herald. “I think there’s a sense that we have always believed that a transition would be imminent. And we want to make sure that that actually happens,” said Carrie Filipetti, deputy assistant secretary for Cuba and Venezuela in the State Department. “Every second that goes by and there’s not a transition more people are suffering in Venezuela and the region because of all of the migration. So the president is very focused, single-mindedly focused on making sure that we can get to a transition as soon as possible.

      “In the president’s mind, and in the mind of the administration as a whole, the time for transition is really now, and so you will see that urgency reflected in our upcoming policies,” she added. Since the beginning of the year, the United States has supported the efforts, for now still unsuccessful, of National Assembly leader and self-titled president in charge Juan Guaidó to force Nicolás Maduro out of power. The embattled leader is accused of human rights violations and generating the greatest humanitarian crisis in the region.Trump wants a transition in Venezuela ‘as soon as possible’ After the recent departure of National Security Advisor John Bolton, the Donald Trump administration wants to speed up the pace and achieve a transition in Venezuela “as soon as possible,” a senior State Department official told the PRESS.

      “I think there’s a sense that we have always believed that a transition would be imminent. And we want to make sure that that actually happens,” said Carrie Filipetti, deputy assistant secretary for Cuba and Venezuela in the State Department. “Every second that goes by and there’s not a transition more people are suffering in Venezuela and the region because of all of the migration. So the president is very focused, single-mindedly focused on making sure that we can get to a transition as soon as possible. “In the president’s mind, and in the mind of the administration as a whole, the time for transition is really now, and so you will see that urgency reflected in our upcoming policies,” she added.


   CARACAS, VENEZUELA     --The conclusions about Venezuela that the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, Michelle Bachelet, presented on Tuesday in Geneva were described as "lies" by the president in dispute Nicolás Maduro. "The lies of Michelle Bachelet in her latest report on Venezuela, where she repeats lies, lies and lies without demonstrating evidence without checking them, without testimony without anything, lies, Michelle Bachelet," said Nicolás Maduro. The High Commissioner denounced cases of torture and ill-treatment of people arbitrarily deprived of their liberty by the military and regretted that Maduro has not responded to her request to dissolve the Special Actions Force (FAES), which was explained in most of these abuses.

      The Chilean president said that the economic and social crisis in the country continues to worsen and that 4.3 million Venezuelans have emigrated to other countries. "I evaluated Michelle Bachelet's behavior a lot today, what does Michelle Bachelet have against the Bolivarian revolution? What does she hold against us? Why her envy? Why her meanness? Why her negative attitude? She lies, Michelle Bachelet, Regret Michelle Bachelet, enough of lies! " Maduro indicated.

       On the other hand, through a press release the regime of Nicolás Maduro, expressed his disagreement regarding the activation of the Inter-American Reciprocal Assistance Treaty (TIAR), a decision backed by Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, EE .UU., Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Paraguay, Dominican Republic and the representatives of the interim government of Juan Guaidó. In the OAS Council it was determined that it was necessary to activate the TIAR because "the crisis in Venezuela has a destabilizing effect, representing a clear threat to peace and security" in the region. For the Maduro government, the measure was an "infamous decision of a small group of governments in the region that invoked the activation of a disastrous TIAR instrument."

SEPTEMBER 16, 2019


     WASHINGTON, D.C.      --    droneS attackS carried out over the weekend in Saudi Arabia reduced global energy supplies and reduced oil production in the kingdom, as well as threatening to cause a crisis in the region. President Donald Trump said the United States had reason to believe that he knew who was the author of the attack - his secretary of state had blamed Iran the day before - and said that "we are ... armed and ready" to respond when confirmation is made. , and that he was waiting to hear from the Saudis about who they think is responsible and "under what terms to proceed."

      The tweets were published after a meeting of the National Security Council in the White House in which Vice President Mike Pence, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Secretary of Defense Mark Esper participated. Hours earlier, senior US officials said satellite images and other intelligence show that the attack does not have the characteristics of having been launched from Yemen, where Houthi rebels, who have Iranian support, claimed responsibility. Iran, meanwhile, said the US comments were "maximum lies," while a commander of the country's Revolutionary Guard reiterated that his forces could attack US military bases located across the Middle East with its arsenal of ballistic missiles.

      The US government released satellite photographs showing what the authorities said are at least 19 impact points at two Saudi industrial facilities, including damage to the heart of the crucial crude processing plant in Abqaiq. Officials said the images showed impacts that were consistent with an attack from Iran or Iraq, not from Yemen to the south. Iraq denied Sunday that its territory was used for an attack against the Saudi kingdom and US officials said a launch from there would have been a violation of Iraq's sovereignty. US officials said some devices, which apparently did not reach their goals, were recovered in the northwest of the facility and added that they were being analyzed together by Saudi and US intelligence agents.


WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The National Assembly approved in July Venezuela’s reentry to TIAR to strengthen cooperation between countries in the region and elevate pressure against Nicolás. On Wednesday, 12 signatory countries voted in favor of calling the 19 countries’ foreign ministers to tackle the Venezuelan crisis in the Consultation Organization that the treaty establishes. U.S. State Secretary Mike Pompeo said that this ability to summon, proves that Nicolás’s government has a “destabilizing influence in the region”. Costa Rica, Chile and Peru tried, without success, to include an amendment to eliminate the explicit military action in the options that TIAR provides for tackling a crisis; even though the U.S. said that invoking the treaty doesn’t seek a military action but establishing a framework for applying more pressure to generate democratic change in Venezuela. The Venezuelan opposition is preparing a document for Foreign ministers to argue why invoking the TIAR is justified and why the Venezuelan crisis threatens peace in the entire continent.
      Before the consideration about invoking the TIAR Consultation Organization, Colombian Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo made a presentation about “the challenges of narcoterrorism and democratic institutionality” in which he reiterated the accusation against Nicolás for sheltering armed groups like ELN and FARC dissidents in our soil: “Maduro’s regime has political support and social control. These groups get protection, logistical support, training and arms in return,” he said during his long intervention. Trujillo asked 34 OAS member states to face together what he called the region’s “largest threat for democratic security and stability” with measures on the Inter American Convention Against Terrorism and other methods provided by international law.

     The Permanent Council approved a resolution that condemns persecution of AN deputies, withdrawing parliamentary immunity and rejects and rejects the possibility of holding early parliamentary elections. Using big adjectives, Nicolás’s Foreign minister Jorge Arreaza released a statement yesterday condemning “a small group of countries’ infamous decisions which, aligned with American ideals of supremacy, have invoked activating a horrible instrument in the history of our continent,” the TIAR. Chavismo says that this treaty was imposed by the U.S. to “legitimize military interventions in Latin America for ideological reasons.” Arreaza said it was painful that countries that had been invaded by American troops now “stand by this kind of crime.” He called the OAS session “void and null” and said that “history and people” will judge “this undignified attitude.”


   CARACAS, VENEZUELA     -- The National Assembly (AN) on Sunday demanded the release of three of its deputies arrested "arbitrarily" by the Government of Nicolás Maduro, whom they do not recognize as president. Through its Twitter account, Parliament demanded freedom for Deputy Juan Requesens, who has been detained for 404 days; the vice president of the Legislative, Edgar Zambrano (130 days); and the director of the Office of the Presidency, Roberto Marrero (179 days). Requesens has been detained in Sebin since August 7, 2018 for his alleged participation in the failed attack on President Nicolás Maduro during a military act on Bolivar Avenue in Caracas.

     The charges against him are "qualified homicide, treason, terrorism, association to commit crimes, continued public instigation and illegal possession of weapons and ammunition." Zambrano was arrested last May 8 when he left the headquarters of Democratic Action (AD), in Florida, when he was intercepted by Sebin officials and taken in his vehicle that was towed by a crane to El Helicoide. The Government accuses him of participating, together with the legislative head Juan Guaidó, at the beginning of the so-called "Operation Freedom" in the vicinity of La Carlota Air Base on April 30.

      In this operation, which sought to overthrow Maduro, the military and the opposition leader Leopoldo López participated, who later took refuge in the Spanish embassy. On Thursday, March 28 at night, it was learned that the head of Juan Guaidó's office, Roberto Marrero, was deprived of liberty and held at the Sebin headquarters in El Helicoide. His defense indicated that the charges that the Public Ministry charged him with are "crimes of conspiracy, usurpation of functions, concealment of weapons and explosives, capital legitimation and association to commit crimes."

SEPTEMBER 13, 2019


     WASHINGTON, D.C.      --   On Thursday, the president of the United States (USA), Donald Trump, said that his views on finding solutions to the critical situation in Venezuela and, especially in Cuba, "were stronger" than those of the former national security advisor, John Bolton. Through the social network Twitter, Trump clarified that Bolton was "holding" him back in his actions regarding both countries. Trump said Bolton overreached the Venezuela case. “I disagreed with John Bolton in his attitudes about Venezuela. I think it went a long way, ”said the president of the United States in response to a question from the EFE agency in the Oval Office.

     The president did not want to clarify, however, if now that Bolton has left office he would be willing to meet with the Venezuelan dictator, Nicolás Maduro, and said: "I don't want to talk about it." Trump announced on Tuesday the dismissal of Bolton, referring to strong disagreements with the now former national security adviser. "I strongly disagreed with several of his suggestions, as well as others in the Administration, and therefore I asked for his resignation, which was delivered to me this morning," he added. Bolton had a prominent role on the crisis in Venezuela, being one of the biggest critics of the Maduro regime.

      Earlier this Thursday, September 12, Rubio said he spoke with the US president about Venezuela, revealing that, despite the fact that "the direction of the policy changes, it will not be weakened" against the regime of Nicolás Maduro. “I just spoke with Donald Trump about Venezuela (…) It is true that he did not agree with some of the opinions of the previous advisor (John Bolton), but as he reminded me, it is actually the DIRECT OPPOSITE of what many affirm or they assume (about Venezuela). Yes, in fact, the direction of the policy changes, but it will not be weakened. ”Says the tweet of the US official.


WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Senator Rick Scott was supposed to meet with national security adviser John Bolton at 2 p.m. on Tuesday, the most recent initiative of a continuous effort by the noisiest Republican in Florida trying to evict the Venezuelan leader Nicolás Maduro from power. The last high-profile dismissal of Donald Trump through Twitter, along with Bolton's refutation on Twitter a few minutes later, surprised the unsuspecting Republicans in Washington and could be a blow to Venezuela's hawks such as Scott and Senator Marco Rubio, also from Florida.

     "I didn't expect it," Scott said, when a journalist informed him of the expulsion of Bolton. “I have a good working relationship with Bolton. I was supposed to talk to him at two o'clock. I hope they [the White House] can continue to commit themselves to do everything possible to get rid of Maduro. I have had a very good working relationship with Bolton, whether it be Venezuela, Cuba or Hong Kong. ” Rubio also said he had a good relationship with Bolton, but added that it is up to Trump to decide who works at the White House. "We worked very well with him and, in my opinion, he did a good job, but ultimately, that is the president's decision," Rubio said. "You have the right to have the people you want around you."

     Rubio was not sure what the overthrow of Bolton meant for Venezuelan politics eight months after the United States recognized Juan Guaidó as the legitimate leader of the country and began increasing sanctions on Maduro's inner circle. "I don't know, nor do I know enough about what the circumstances were, so obviously we'll see in the next few days," Rubio said. "It's my personal opinion that did a good job, but it didn't work for me, it worked for the president." Maduro maintains control of the Venezuelan army and bureaucracy despite Guaidó's efforts to expel him in the midst of a humanitarian crisis and rampant inflation.


   CARACAS, VENEZUELA     -- A top Venezuelan official has announced that dictator Nicolas Maduro has ordered national oil and gas company PDVSA to close its current European headquarters in Lisbon, Portugal and move it to Moscow. The announcement came from Venezuelan Vice President Delcy Rodriguez during a press conference standing alongside Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov in Moscow on Friday. “President Nicolas Maduro instructed the Lisbon branch of PDVSA to close this office and relocate the office to Moscow,” Rodriguez said, according to Russia’s TASS news agency. It appears the relocation is already underway, and is part of the framework of “broadening cooperation” with Russian energy giants Rosneft and Gazprom, according to the statement.

      The Venezuelan vice president said, “This is done in line with our plans to expand technical cooperation in the oil production area with Rosneft, with Gazprom. The moment now is the most suitable to do so. We are changing the format of our relations.” And she added, “It’s the perfect time, as we are reshaping our relations.” As part of the press briefing, Russian FM Lavrov conveyed President Putin’s words of support and solidarity to his “friend” President Maduro in a further clear sign that Moscow has dedicated itself to helping Venezuela’s state oil company weather the storm of US economic war and sanctions.

      Lavrov explained in the press conference, “Russia will further help the Venezuelan government to solve social and economic problems, which includes lending support via legitimate humanitarian aid.” This after what’s been widely acknowledged as failed US-led coup efforts over the past weeks in support of opposition leader Juan Gaido, who has tried to rally support for greater external “pro-democracy” intervention against the Caracas government. As part of her remarks Rodriguez slammed what she called a US “operation” of “sabotage” against a “legal government” spearheaded by White House envoy to Venezuela Elliott Abrams.

SEPTEMBER 12, 2019


     WASHINGTON, D.C.      --   President Donald Trump announced on Tuesday that he had fired his controversial national security adviser, John Bolton, after months of disagreements on key foreign policy issues, including Venezuela, Iran, North Korea and Afghanistan. In two tweets, Trump broke his relationship with one of the most well-known and criticized members of his team, a diehard hawk with an interventionist reputation who contributed to increasing tensions with Iran and put the White House on a battle footing vis-a-vis the “troika of tyranny” – Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua.

      “I informed John Bolton last night that his services are no longer needed at the White House. I disagreed strongly with many of his suggestions, as did others in the Administration, and therefore... I asked John for his resignation, which was given to me this morning,” the president said in successive tweets. “I thank John very much for his service. I will be naming a new National Security Advisor next week,” Trump wrote. Bolton did not delay in publicly releasing his own version of what had occurred, saying on his own Twitter account: “I offered to resign last night and President Trump said, ‘Let’s talk about it tomorrow.’”

     The ex-national security adviser then proceeded to send text messages to numerous journalists in Washington, including one of the anchors at Fox News – Trump’s favorite network – Brian Kilmeade, who read the missive on live TV, saying “John Bolton just texted me. Just now, he’s watching. He said ‘let’s be clear: I resigned.’” CNN reported that Trump and Bolton on Monday evening discussed the president’s plan to meet with Taliban leaders at Camp David, an initiative that the president abruptly cancelled after the insurgent group mounted an attack in Afghanistan that killed a US soldier. But White House spokesperson Stephanie Grisham denied that differences over Afghanistan were “the straw that broke the camel’s back.”


WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The Permanent Council of the Organization of American States (OAS) discussed the draft resolution of the Convocation of the Organ of Consultation of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (Tiar) being approved with 12 votes in favor, 5 abstentions and 1 absent, to address the serious crisis that means the regime of Nicolás Maduro for peace in the region and the world. After the final vote, the delegation of Costa Rica presented an amendment with Chile and Peru and excluded the possible use of force, the amendment was denied with nine points against, four positive, four abstention and one absent.

      “Summoning the Tiar is not of the least importance, it is a matter of the greatest gravity. It is not a decision that can be invoked lightly, ”said the Costa Rican representation. After this vote, Mexico took the right to speak to reject in a “flat” way the activation of the Tiar in Venezuela because according to her, it is “unacceptable”. “We believe that there is no armed conflict in the continent that merits the application of the Tiar. We believe that the application of this mechanism is useless if armed intervention is not sought in the region, ”he said. “Although Tiar is an act of mutual assistance (…) if what is pursued is armed non-activation because it seeks to activate an old and obsolete instrument (…) we want to state that what will be resolved next is not accepted by all the members (...) is a dangerous precedent, ”he said.

     Bolivia, on the other hand, rejected the possible activation of the Tiar, because it would be a threat to the Caribbean; After this, the representative of Venezuela at the OAS, Gustavo Tarre Briceño, said that "all security statements comply with the situation we are raising" while requesting that the proposal at the table be passed "to be treated by member countries of the Tiar. ” The delegation of Uruguay emphasized that the Tiar Consultation Body “opens the way for an armed intervention” and that the same treaty “lacks legal legality”, because they do not recognize the representation sent by the president in charge of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó, and therefore, will not accompany the convening of the consultation body. After this, the foreign ministers meeting for the Consultative Body will be held in mid-September for the application of the treaty against the threats of the Nicolás Maduro regime in the region.


   CARACAS, VENEZUELA     -- Venezuelan DICTATOR Maduro has accused Colombia of plotting his overthrow, while Bogota said Venezuela harbors and backs rogue rebel fighters. The US offered Colombia its "full support" against any attempted aggression. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro deployed 150,000 troops to his country's border with Colombia as tensions continue to rise between the two countries.
"The moment has come to defend our sovereignty and national peace by deploying our defense resources in full force," Maduro said on Twitter.

     Aside from personnel, Maduro's government deployed tanks and missile carriers to its western Tachira state, an area that has become the departure point for millions of Venezuelans migrating to the south. There are currently more than 1 million Venezuelans living in Colombia. "This is an operation to defend our national territory," Remigio Ceballos, strategic commander of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces, said. He added that Venezuela's army was ready to respond to attacks from Colombia, the United States or any other threat. The deployment is the latest in a string of military warnings Venezuela has leveled at Colombia, as relations between the two countries have steadily deteriorated.

     Bogota has accused Venezuela of harboring Colombian armed rebels, estimating that as many as 1,000 National Liberation Army (ELN) operatives, some 40% of that rebel group's fighting force, are in Venezuela. From there, the rebels have planned terrorist attacks, such as the car bombing at a Bogota police academy in January that killed more than 20 mostly young cadets, Colombia said. In turn, Maduro has accused Colombia's conservative president, Ivan Duque, of harboring training camps for groups that plot violent attacks to against the Venezuelan government. support for Colombia. Carlos Trujillo, US ambassador to the Organization of American States, said it was "totally unacceptable" that Maduro's "illegitimate government" was threatening the region's security and peace. "Colombia's allies will do everything possible to help one of the best allies we've had, not only in the Americas but in the world," Trujillo told reporters. The US special envoy to Venezuela, Elliott Abrams, went further. "If there are cross-border attacks from Venezuela to Colombia, we can expect Colombians to react," Abrams said. "And obviously, we would fully support Colombia in that situation."

SEPTEMBER 11, 2019


     CARACAS, VENEZUELA      --   dICTATOR Nicolás Maduro activated the National Defense and Security Council on Monday to face the situation that, in his opinion, the country is facing the "warlike" threats perpetrated from Colombia. "I have summoned this National Defense Council to deliver, with me in front, the civic-military collective leadership of this threat against Venezuela," said the president in a national chain from the Miraflores Palace in Caracas. During the activation of the organism, contemplated in article 323 of the Constitution - in force since 1999 -, Maduro emphasized that it will have as its main task to raise "the truth of Venezuela and the right of the country to live in peace", despite the war attacks and threats attributed to Colombia, with support from sectors of the Venezuelan opposition.
      "The war machine was activated and the first victim is the truth, the war machine is activated and crazy in the Colombian media, they want to articulate the world war machine. Venezuela has to get away with its truth, and that's why I have activated the Defense and Security Council, so that Venezuela defends its truth, its democracy, its institutionality, the right to peace of our peoples, "he said. He also denounced that from New Granada territory, attempts are being made to capture officers of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces (FANB), with the aim of attacking the nation's Defense System, AVN said.

      "In the last three months, from the intelligence agencies of the Colombian government, attempts have been made to capture non-commissioned officers and Venezuelan officials to affect the radar system, air defense, air defense and the missile system." precise. He called on countries of the region and the "people of Colombia" to advocate fopeace Maduro urged the "people of Colombia" to promote peace between the two nations and thus put an end to the "extremist" plans they insist are forged from New Granada. "I call on the people of Colombia, all the political sectors of Colombia, I call on the Colombian armed forces, for good sense, and to put the historical interests of our countries on any extremist plan.


  BOGOTA, COLOMBIA   --  The presidential advisor of Human Rights and International Affairs of Colombia, Francisco Barbosa, said Monday that the country is on high alert before the military exercises that Venezuela will start tomorrow on the common border. "What I mean is a lot of detail with this and of course a maximum alert by the Colombian authorities themselves against any movement of that kind of thing," Barbosa told reporters. The official said that Nicolás Maduro makes such ads "every time he needs internal oxygen," so the Colombian government does not "go into hysteria" and "watches carefully."

     Last Wednesday, Maduro ordered the deployment of troops on the Venezuelan border with Colombia and the launch of a missile system after declaring an alert on Tuesday throughout the area. The maneuvers will be carried out in the states Zulia, Táchira Apure and Amazonas, territories that make up the 2,219 kilometers of border that Venezuela shares with Colombia, from September 10 to 28. Likewise, the representative of the Chavista government in the area, Freddy Bernal, said that the country deployed more than 3,000 soldiers at the border. After the announcement, President Iván Duque assured that Maduro's regime should not go out with “bravado” and advised him to worry about “giving food” to Venezuelans.

      For his part, the Colombian Foreign Minister, Carlos Holmes Trujillo, said last Wednesday that the Government feels "for a long time" the threat of the Maduro regime. “The threat from the dictatorship of Maduro is felt by Colombia for a long time. It is a threat that comes from the Chavista regime and has been prolonged during the mature regime, ”Trujillo told reporters in Bogotá. Barbosa added today that the Colombian Military Forces are "committed to the country" and said the authorities "are watching closely what is happening." The president will denounce “to the world what has been the dynamics of the government of the spurious president of Venezuela Nicolás Maduro around the protection of criminal structures that have caused much damage to Colombia,” said Barbosa.


   MIAMI, FLORIDA    -- Juan Simonovis, chief of citizen security of Caracas and special commissioner of Security appointed by the president in charge of Venezuela, Juan Guaidó, assured that Syrian agents would have arrived in Venezuela to protect Tareck El Aissami, current Minister of Industries and National Production and one of the strong men of the Chavista regime. In a press release from the National Communication Center, Simonovis explains that the movement is due to distrust of El Aissami in Venezuelan officials assigned to its security ring.

     The information of Simonovis marks a continuity line in the security logic assumed by the Venezuelan dictatorship, which, according to different media, has employed Cuban agents for the personal protection of senior officials. “They are afraid. They don't trust anyone. Within Venezuela itself, its displacement is a few meters (...) They are afraid that at some point they will act and try to stop them. And that detention can come from anyone.

      You do not know if tomorrow a group of officials decides that it is over and that they will put someone in prison. That can happen, ”said Simonovis, who is in the United States after escaping almost miraculously from Venezuela. For many years, political prisoner of the Chavista regime, Simonovis, managed to escape the house arrest he had been in since 2014. His escape plan was supported by opposition leader Leopoldo López, who moved his political contacts to gain support from the United States and two other countries, because Simonovis's only identity document had expired ten years ago.

SEPTEMBER 10, 2019


     Washington, d.c.     --  The US special envoy for Venezuela, Elliott Abrams, today asked the European Union (EU) to impose new sanctions on the Nicolás Maduro regime, and considered that the European reluctance to adopt these measures "has not helped" the negotiations between the Government and the opposition of the Latin American country sponsored by Norway. "We hope that the EU will do fast what it has been talking about, which is to impose additional personal sanctions," the US diplomat said Monday during a conference organized by the German Marshall Fund study center in Brussels, where he meets with community officials .

      The politician was hopeful that "the psychological, political and personal impact" on the regime will contribute to "a peaceful and negotiated return to democracy and prosperity" in Venezuela. So far, the EU has sanctioned 18 people who believe they have breached democratic principles and the rule of law and are responsible for "serious human rights violations", but resists expanding that list. Brussels has banned them from traveling to their territory and frozen assets they may have on European soil. However, Abrams pointed out that the Twenty-eight's refusal to approve additional punitive measures is "a miscalculation."

      He added that the EU says it will not impose new sanctions as long as the negotiations sponsored by Norway last, but if they fail, it will. "Why not impose them now in the hope that this additional pressure will push the regime towards a compromise?" He asked, and insisted that the reluctance of the community club "has not been helpful" in the negotiation. In fact, he stressed that from his perspective, new sanctions "make the success in the talks between government and opposition more likely." Maduro suspended the negotiations that took place in Barbados on August 7, under the auspices of Norway, in view of the fact that the self-proclaimed interim president, Juan Guaidó, “celebrates, promotes and supports” the sanctions of the United States Government against Executive officials and Venezuelan companies. He added that the final result should be the replacement of the Maduro Government by a transitional Executive and the call for “free” elections. He also described as "ridiculous" the idea of Maduro organizing these elections.


  WASHINGTON, D.C.   --  Gustavo tarre, permanent representative of Juan Guadió before the OAS, requested yesterday before the agency to convene the consultation body for the activation of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (TIAR) as one of the mechanisms to continue pressing Nicolás Maduro to abandon power and cease his usurpation. Tarre explained that the letter "is signed by the absolute majority of the countries that are members of the treaty," and therefore considered that "consequently it can be assumed that the decision will be approved. The TIAR, according to the diplomatic delegate, is signed by 19 countries, with the absolute majority being ten, although it did not specify the names of the states that accompany the request.

     Tarre said that after the Venezuelan legation requested the re-entry of all the mechanisms of the Inter-American System, it now goes on to “invoke the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance (…) When the sovereignty of a country has been affected in some way or the peace of the The continent is in danger, it is possible to apply the TIAR, ”he added, noting that activating this mechanism requires first the convening of the consultation body. If that request is required, which requires a minimum of ten votes, said consultation body will meet, which, according to Tarre, may "possibly" occur during the next General Assembly of the United Nations, whose sessions begin the next week.

      "It is not that the request is made by Venezuela alone, but Venezuela is accompanied by the absolute majority of the treaty members who are signing the call to the consultation body," he added.  Tarre stressed that after the meeting of that body "there is a period of discussion to end up adopting the resolutions at any place."   “The Treaty provides for a range of options, ranging from negotiation, the rupture of diplomatic relations, rupture of consular relations, suspension of economic communications, land, sea, air, radio communications, radio communications, etc ... And finally the option of coercive actions of a military nature, ”he explained. According to the delegate, the Guaido team "is preparing a file in which it is absolutely clear that the real danger to the peace of America is the very existence of usurpation in Venezuela."


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA    -- The president of Colombia, Iván Duque, said Thursday that the regime of Nicolás Maduro should not go out with "bravado" like announcing that he will deploy a system of anti-aircraft missiles at the border, and advised him to worry about "giving food" to the people of Venezuela . "Now do not go out with bravado to talk about missiles in the border area, rather than spending that silver on missiles, to protect the Venezuelan people and give them food," the head of state told reporters in the Caribbean city from Barranquilla, EFE reported. Maduro announced Wednesday that he will deploy a missile system for anti-aircraft defense on the border with Colombia, as he believes that the Duque Government intends to generate an "armed conflict" in the area. "Now we are going to deploy the missile system of air defense, ground defense, armored, we are going to deploy it from September 10 to 28", at which time military exercises will be carried out on the border line, Maduro announced.

      For his part, Duque insisted that Maduro must leave the "exercise of the dictatorship" and allow the oil nation "to regain its freedom, so that people in Venezuela can have a better future and have hope." He also said that Colombia is a country that "always respects the territoriality of other nations." Colombia and Venezuela, which have not had diplomatic relations since last February, share a 2,219-kilometer border line, the scene of constant tensions that have never reached the military confrontation. The Colombian president reiterated that the Maduro regime protects the leaders of the National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrillas as well as the aliases "Iván Márquez", "Jesús Santrich" and other commanders of the demobilized FARC who abandoned the process of peace and took up arms. "We are going to talk about things as they are: Nicolás Maduro is protecting Colombian terrorists in his territory, all the ELN leaders as 'Antonio García', as 'Pablito'," said the president, citing two leaders of that guerrilla.

       Maduro, Duque added, "there is also 'Iván Márquez', 'Santrich', 'El Paisa', 'Romaña', he knows it and we will not stop denouncing this." He stressed that Juan Guaidó, recognized by more than 50 countries as interim president of Venezuela, as well as the National Assembly, with an opposition majority, "are also publicly denouncing the protection that is being given to terrorism by the dictatorship" of that country . The day before, Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo warned that Colombia was ready to defend its sovereignty against the "threats" of Nicolás Maduro, who declared an "orange alert" in the border area due to alleged threats from Bogotá. According to Maduro, Duque would use the recent rearmament of some former FARC commanders who departed from the peace pact signed in 2016 as an excuse to "start a military conflict" with Caracas. "What we will continue to do is denounce those outrages of the regime and we will also seek the support of the entire international community to confront those terrorists," the Colombian president added. Maduro has said that Colombia would be the spearhead of a US military invasion of the oil country, although Duque advocates strengthening the diplomatic siege. Verbal clashes between the Colombian and Venezuelan authorities, which share a porous 2,200-kilometer border, are frequent. Colombia is the main recipient of the 3.6 million migrants who have fled since early 2016 from the deep economic and oil crisis that afflicts the neighboring country.



     Washington, d.c.     --   The Secretary General of the OAS, Luis Almagro , accused the Chavez dictatorship Friday of sheltering terrorist groups, such as the Lebanese organization Hezbollah or members of Colombian guerrillas, and pointed to Cuba of wanting to maintain the regime of Nicolás Maduro to ensure shipments of Venezuelan oil. Almagro, who participated in the Global Forum in Toronto , said during his speech at the meeting that ends today that allegations of regime Maduro of plots to remove him from power " have no credibility " and that, on the contrary, is the president Venezuelan who gives " shelter to terrorists ".

      " The Maduro regime is the one that is giving shelter to terrorist groups such as Hezbollah, such as the Iranians, the drug cartels, the ELN (Colombian National Liberation Army) or FARC (Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia) dissidents " said Almagro. The Secretary General of the Organization of American States (OAS) argued that he does not believe that there has been "no attempt to get Maduro out of power." " Maduro is a dictator, " Almagro said. On Cuba , the main supporter of the Maduro regime in the region, Almagro declared that it is an obstacle. “The 22,000 Cubans in Venezuela make the situation even more complicated because Cubans are not willing to give up the oil that Venezuela sends them. So they will continue, ”he explained.

      Nor did Almagro close the door to the use of force to change the Venezuelan regime, although he specified that it would have to be within the international legal framework. “The military solution is not legal according to international law . But there are instruments that we cannot ignore such as the responsibility to protect and humanitarian intervention. The use of force is a resource that is possible. But within the framework of international law, ”he explained. Almagro was also skeptical about the negotiations with the Maduro regime and accused the dictator of using them to "save time" and "relieve international pressure."" There has never been good faith on the part of the regime to negotiate, " he added.


  CARACAS, VENEZUELA  --  Venezuela deployed more than 3,000 soldiers on the border with Colombia as part of the activation of the orange alert declared by the country's ruler, Nicolás Maduro, the Chavez government representative in the area, Freddy Bernal, reported Thursday. "More than 3,000 men and women of the FANB (Bolivarian National Armed Forces) are in perfect operational readiness along the Colombian border," said Bernal, quoted in a press release released by his team. Bernal, whom the Government of Maduro designated as "protector" of the Táchira state - bordering with the Colombian city of Cúcuta -, toured the Simón Bolívar bridge, which connects both countries, and said that what is currently happening between Venezuela and Colombia "is just one more tension."

      "We will not reach any kind of conflict," said the Chavista representative, who explained that the political structure of the ruling United Socialist Party of Venezuela in that state is also deployed. “We are on permanent alert. We are already mobilized as a political structure in the 29 municipalities (...), we must understand that we are a state in the eye of the empire, that we are in the eyes of the Colombian bourgeoisie and that as well as in the contingency of February 23, we were able to guarantee peace, we are going to guarantee it again, ”he added.

      Maduro ordered the deployment of troops on the Venezuelan border with Colombia on Wednesday and the launch of a missile system, after declaring an alert on that entire area on Tuesday. The president ordered the realization of military exercises in the border areas with Colombia, in view of a supposed intention of the neighboring country to create a conflict between the two nations. The maneuvers will be carried out in the states Zulia, Táchira Apure and Amazonas, territories that make up the 2,219 kilometers of border that Venezuela shares with Colombia, from September 10 to 28. Maduro's announcement came after the Colombian government accused him of supporting the dissident leaders of the FARC guerrillas who announced last week that they were retaking their weapons.


   WASHINGTON, D.C.    --  The Treasury Department announced a quarterly limit for sending remittances in order to deny the government of Miguel Díaz -Cannel access to currencies. The measures are also in retaliation for support for the Maduro dictatorship The US government announced on Friday new measures that limit to 1,000 dollars per quarter the amount that Cubans residing in their territory can send to their families in Cuba through remittances . "The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is setting a limit of US $ 1,000 per quarter that a sender can send to a Cuban citizen," US Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said in a statement.

      In addition, he stressed that remittances to "close relatives of prohibited Cuban officials and members of the Communist Party of Cuba" are prohibited. Until now there were no limits on quantity or frequency since remittances to Cuba entered into force in 2014, when the Administration of former President Barack Obama (2009-2017) normalized relations with the Caribbean island, ending five decades of hostility of the Cold War between the two nations. However, US President Donald Trump has described this strategy as "terrible and wrong" on several occasions. "We are taking additional measures to financially isolate the Cuban regime," Muchin said.

      The holder of the Treasury portfolio argued that the United States "holds the Cuban regime responsible for the oppression of the Cuban people and the support of other dictatorships throughout the region, such as the illegitimate regime of (Venezuelan President Nicolás) Maduro." "Through these regulatory amendments," he continued, "the Treasury is denying Cuba access to strong currencies, and we are curbing the bad behavior of the Cuban government as we continue to support the suffering people of Cuba." In June, the Trump Administration banned cruise trips to that island. Since then, the US does not allow visits to Cuba through passenger boats and recreational boats, including cruises and yachts, as well as private and corporate planes. However, commercial flights do continue to operate between the US and Cuba.



     CARACAS, VENEZUELA    --  China National Petroleum Corp, a leading buyer of Venezuelan oil, has halted August loadings following the latest U.S. sanctions on the South American exporter, three sources with direct knowledge of the matter told Reuters on Monday.The Trump administration in early August froze all Venezuelan government assets in the United States and U.S. officials ratcheted up threats against companies that do business with Venezuela’s state-run oil company, Petróleos de Venezuela, S.A., or PDVSA.

      “Trump’s executive order gave a directive for the follow-up sanction measures that shall be announced by the U.S. Treasury... CNPC is worried that the company is likely to be hit by the secondary sanctions,” said one source. A CNPC spokesman declined to comment. PDVSA and Venezuela’s information ministry did not immediately respond to requests for comment. A second person, an executive with a large marketer of Venezuelan oil in China, said his company had been notified of the suspension. “We were told that Chinaoil will not load any oil in August. We don’t know what will happen after,” he said.

     Most deliveries of Venezuelan oil and refined products to CNPC’s units are intended to monetize billions of dollars lent by China to Venezuela through oil-for-loan pacts. PDVSA has never failed to deliver crude to China to pay off debts, although refinancing and grace periods have been agreed upon over the last decade to ease the debt burden. The suspension followed recent communications between the U.S. and Chinese governments, including a meeting between U.S. embassy officials in Beijing and top management at CNPC, the source added. The White House imposed sanctions on Venezuela’s oil industry in January in an effort to unseat socialist President Nicolas Maduro, whose re-election in 2018 is viewed by much of the Western Hemisphere as illegitimate.


  BOGOTA, COLOMBIA   --  Colombian Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo said Wednesday that the border military exercises ordered by the Venezuelan DICTATOR, Nicolás Maduro, are a direct "threat" against Colombia and the stability of the region. "It is a threat that is permanently reflected in the bad actions of that government that creates crisis situations, it is a threat that has to do not only with Colombia, but with stability and tranquility in the region," said Trujillo. He even pointed out that the Colombian government is able to guarantee sovereignty and respond to any eventuality. But he also clarified that his country will not get carried away by provocation and will act based on international humanitarian law.

      And he reiterated that the threat to the region is "the dictatorship of Nicolás Maduro". The Venezuelan president in dispute ordered military exercises at the border on Tuesday and was on "orange alert to an eventual aggression by Colombia against Venezuela. He announced that the military exercises would be carried out "from September 10 to September 28" in the states Zulia, Táchira, Apure and Amazonas, or the 2,200-kilometer border states with the neighboring nation, within the framework of the celebration of the 14th anniversary of the creation of the Strategic Operational Command of the armed force.

      The statement was given after the president in charge, Juan Guaidó, referred to the authorization of the use of satellite tracking to locate guerrilla groups and Colombian rebel leaders in Venezuela."I have ordered the operational strategic commander of the Bolivarian National Armed Forces and all military units of the border to declare an alert ... to the threat of aggression by Colombia against Venezuela," said Maduro.


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA    --  Colombia is “ready” to defend itself against threats from Venezuela, after that country’s DICTATOR, DICTATOR NICOLAS MADURO, accused Bogota of seeking to provoke military conflict, a minister said. Faced with “threats” from Caracas, “Colombian authorities will not give in to provocation, but are ready to protect the sovereignty and peace of Colombians,” Foreign Affairs Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo said in an audio statement sent to media outlets. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro on Tuesday accused the Colombian government of using dissident FARC leaders’ rejection of a peace accord to try to “provoke a military conflict” with Venezuela, the latest blow to highly tense relations between the neighbouring South American nations.

      The dispute between the two presidents comes after FARC leaders last week formally rejected a 2016 peace deal and announced a return to arms, prompting a pledge from right-wing Colombian President Ivan Duque to hunt down the dissidents while accusing Maduro of providing them “shelter and support.” “Not only has the Colombian government engaged Colombia in a worsening war, but it is using unfounded accusations to threaten Venezuela and provoke a military conflict with our country,” Maduro said during a military ceremony in Caracas.

      He added he was placing military units deployed along the 2,250km border with Colombia on high alert, due to Colombia’s “threat of aggression against Venezuela.” Maduro also said that military exercises would take place along the border from Sept 10 to Sept 28, to “bring the armed system and the entire operational deployment into full readiness.” Colombia, along with the United States and more than 50 other countries, in January recognized Venezuela’s opposition leader Juan Guaido as the country’s interim president and have continued to call on Maduro to step down. Earlier Tuesday, Guaido offered to help Colombia track down the dissident FARC rebels.



     CARACAS, VENEZUELA    -- The uncomfortable situation of GJ (EJ) Vladimir Padrino López in his relationship with DICTATOR Nicolás Maduro is already very evident , which shows that not only the roughness between them has not been limited, after what happened on April 30, but that they have deepened. In an event that is traditional and very important, such as the anniversary of the Military Academy, where he also made two very important announcements for the National Armed Forces with implications for the whole country, Maduro made sure that the Minister of Defense did not will create a shadow and send it to Nicaragua to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the Army in that country. He also sent the Army commander, MG Alexis Rodríguez Cabello . He told Ceballos: "Transmit (to Godfather) my recognition for this tremendous achievement of these 9 years."

      Before the announcement he made to declare " Orange Alert ", a senior officer explains that "there are three levels of alert: yellow, which is a normal situation; Orange, which imposes the mobilization and concentration of means and resources; and the Red , which is the beginning of hostilities." He added that what Maduro might be looking for is to create an incident at the border to insist on nationalism and thus bring together the leadership around him. "He is going to look for a skirmish, however small, to appear before the General Assembly of the United Nations as a victim of aggression. That is what Maduro has been looking for."

      Another officer explained that all plans are made based on an assumption about the enemy. "There are really no such phases of colors. What is in the Armed Forces are the A, B and C Quarters to respond to those requirements . With the A you have the staff available." There were 25 general and admiral officers, 119 Senior Officers, 188 junior officers, 1,050 cadets, 47 professional troops, 38 teachers and 36 special guests. In the Master Class, Maduro clearly highlighted the figures of two officers: Admiral in Chief Remigio Ceballos Ichaso and GJ Jesús Suárez Chourio , Chief of the General Staff of the FANB Chief Command. And in addition he made many mentions to General Felix Osorio , rector of the Bolivarian Military Academy. He made it very clear, without saying it, that Padrino López doesn't count .


  BOGOTA, COLOMBIA   --  Combian Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo said Wednesday that his country mas felt " for a long time " the threat of the regime of Nicolás Maduro, who yesterday, declared an alert on the border with Colombia because its intention to create a conflict between the two neighvoring nations. “The threat from the dictatorship of Maduro is felt by Colombia for a long time. It is a threat that comes from the Chavista regime and has been prolonged during the Maduro regime,” Colombian Foreign Minister Carlos Holmes Trujillo told reporters in Bogotá . The minister said that the authorities of his country " permanently fulfill their duty of preservation of sovereignty and guarantee the tranquility of Colombians ."

     In addition to declaring the orange alert at the border, Maduro ordered the execution of military exercises in the state of Zulia , Táchira , Apure and Amazonas , which make up the 2,219 kilometers of border that Venezuela shares with Colombia . The Venezuelan ruler said that " there is a maneuver to try to escalate a set of false positives " by the Government of President IvánDuque , who said that "he does not want peace, he wants war." " The Government of Colombia (...) now intends a false positive to attack Venezuela and start a military conflict against our country, " he said. In that sense, Foreign Minister Trujillo said that Maduro's " threat " is reflected "in the bad actions" of his dictatorship, which he believes creates "crisis situations" that not only have to do with Colombia "but with stability and tranquility in the region ”. That is why he valued the decision of the National Assembly of Venezuela to qualify as a terrorist group to the dissent of the FARC led by alias “Iván Márquez”, who announced last Thursday that along with other former leaders of the old guerrilla group they begin “a new stage of struggle ”armed.

      According to the chancellor, that shows “the way in which that dictatorial regime favors the presence in its territory of terrorist organizations, not only Colombian but from other parts of the world,” among which he mentioned Hezbollah, Hamas and the Islamic State. Among those who appeared in the video with “Márquez” , former negotiator of the FARC in Havana, were the alias “ Jesús Santrich ” and “El Paisa”, who months ago stopped fulfilling their commitments to the Special Jurisdiction for Peace (JEP ). Maduro said last July that Márquez and Santrich "are welcome" in Venezuela "when they want to come" , while pointing out that he was waiting for them to take part in the XXV Forum of Sao Paulo that was then held in Caracas.


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA    --  The Presidential Commissioner for Foreign Relations, Julio Borges, appointed by the interim government of Juan Guaidó, denounced a destabilizing strategy by international criminal groups that would receive the support of the Nicolás Maduro regime. In an interview with the Voice of America , he said that the return to arms of former leaders of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) is a matter of "enormous concern" and that they want to "set off alarms about what is behind the News".

     "This is an operation that was born in that framework called the San Pablo Forum and whose goal is to follow that triangulation between Caracas and Havana seeking to destabilize all democracy in the region," he said. The diplomat said that the message he wants to leave to the international community is that already the case of Venezuela and the government in dispute in Maduro is not just a "dictatorship" and "failed state, but that" climbed a third step "For a" State that protects terrorism. " "Venezuela has become the sanctuary of the entire world of what democratic destruction of the free world means," Borges said.

      He said that until there is “a political and democratic change in Venezuela, the entire region is at risk. He described the Nicolás Maduro regime as "an infected open wound" for the continent. This same Tuesday, Guaidó announced that it will allow the use of satellite technology to facilitate the location and detection of irregular Colombian groups that would be in the Venezuelan territory. In addition, the National Assembly, with an opposition majority, approved an agreement in rejection of the “presence and expansion of narcoterrorist groups in the national territory”.



     BOGOTA, COLOMBIA  --  The US government does not seek military intervention to solve the crisis in Venezuela, according to local newspaper Diario 2001 James Story, in charge of business for the US Foreign Office based in Colombia. In the conversation on Sunday, which lasted 35 minutes with the media, Story said he is very impressed by the needs of Venezuelans with whom he has had contact inside and outside the country, especially at the border between Colombia and Venezuela, which They cross to look for food and medical attention.

     Story also indicated that the sanctions do not prevent the purchase of medicines and food from the government in dispute of Nicolás Maduro. He said the United States will continue to press until free and democratic elections in Venezuela. Asked what he would say to people who sympathize with an armed intervention in Venezuela to take Maduro out of power, Story replied: "There is already a military intervention, there are Russian military in the country, Chinese and we know there are a lot of military Cubans. "

     Story said the interest of these allied governments is for Maduro to remain in office. "There is no gasoline in Maracaibo but there is gasoline in Havana," he said. "What we want is not a military intervention of the international community, but a peaceful, political, democratic exit with the Constitution of Venezuela. How can they have a democracy when people cannot choose with votes?" Story said.


  BOGOTA, COLOMBIA   --  A revealing interview published by Caracol TV to General Luis Fernando Navarro, Commander of the Armed Forces of Colombia, exposes the alleged exact location of the main leaders of the narcoterrorist group, demarcated from the Farc, within Venezuela. Luciano Marín, aka “Iván Márquez”, where his possible location would be between the state of Apure and Caracas. Seuxis Hernández Solarte, aka “Jesús Santrich”, who would be in the capital. Henry Castellanos Garzón, aka "Romagna", in the state of Bolivar.

Hernán Darío Velásquez, aka “El Paisa”, would also keep his hiding place in Bolívar, near Venezuelan gold. José Manuel SIerra Sabogal, alias “El Zarco Aldinever”, in Apure. Alberto Cruz Lobo, aka "Enrique Marulanda", son of Manuel Marulanda Vélez, the popular "Fixed Shot", would be in Amazonas. Elmer Caviedes, aka "Albeiro Córdoba", also in Amazonas. Nelson Enrique Díaz, aka “Iván Alí”, in southern Venezuela.

According to General Navarro, "they organize, train, develop their drug trafficking activities, in addition, their leaders are there and develop actions against inhabitants in our border." The interview also indicates that from Colombia they coordinate actions with Miguel Santanilla Botache, Gentil Duarte, Iván Mordisco and John Cuarenta.


   CARACAS, VENEZUELA    --  Venezuelan gold reserves value falls by 1 billion dollars in six months of 2019

The value of the gold reserves of the Central Bank of Venezuela (BCV) fell by 1 billion dollars in six months, according to data to June that the Venezuelan issuer released this week. The reserves that are in gold bars are equivalent to about 4,620 million dollars, according to the financial balances of the first half of 2019, an amount 18.5% lower than the 5,669 million dollars in bullion that the Central kept in its vaults at the end of 2018. It is the lowest gold possession in Venezuela in 75 years, according to bank data.

     The fall in the value of the reserves coincides with the complaints about the withdrawal of gold from the vaults of the issuing entity by the government to allegedly sell it abroad, amid the financial sanctions imposed by the United States on the government of President Nicolás Maduro . In the first half of this year, some 26.36 tons of gold of maximum purity ceased to belong to the reserves of the Central Bank, according to the notes of the issuer's financial balances. The report indicates that the agency now has about 102.40 tons of monetary gold, but a third of them are in the Bank of England and government officials have reported that they have failed to repatriate the bullion for the sanctions.

     The Central Bank valued its reserves at $ 1,278.97 an ounce in June, a price 2% higher than December 2018, when each ounce was valued at $ 1,248.12. Last year, the Maduro government began exporting gold from miners to Turkey for the first time and at the same time sold part of the bullion of maximum purity. In the last half of 2018, it had already reduced the reserves of monetary gold by another 1,000 million dollars, according to official data. Despite pressure from the administration of Donald Trump to international buyers of gold and the sanctions imposed on the BCV, between March and April, more than 16 tons left the bank vaults to an unknown destination, according to deputies and officials of the Maduro government.



     CARACAS, VENEZUELA   -- The President (E) of the Republic, Juan Guaidó, explained Monday that leaders of the legitimate government made this weekend home-to-house visits throughout Venezuela in the framework of Operation Freedom.

     The president of the National Assembly (AN) also said, through a video he published on his social networks, that: "Together we travel through this country, together we transform Venezuela, together we are the force to win!"

     Juan Guaidó, week by week, travels through different states of the country to learn about the problems suffered by the common citizen due to the ineffectiveness of the Nicolás Maduro regime. Stalin González, second vice president of the AN, offered a press conference on Monday in which he reported that during this weekend 445 activities of Operation Libertad were carried out in the 23 states and the Capital District. "We have shown that we are a vast majority who want change and are willing to work together to achieve the cessation of usurpation," Gonzalez said.


  CARACAS, VENEZUELA   --  The Venezuelan opposition is prepared to resume the mechanism of dialogue and negotiation established with the mediation of the Kingdom of Norway, "with the sole objective of ending once and for all with the suffering of the population," said Deputy Stalin González, second Vice President of the National Assembly. In a press conference on Monday, Gonzalez stressed that the opposition representatives have remained in contact with the mediators, because during the process of talks held in Barbados with the mediation of Norway, "we left our proposals at the table but the Government rose abruptly because he did not want to discuss the underlying issues such as accepting free elections where Venezuelans can decide their fate. "

     "Those who rose from the negotiating and dialogue table were the representatives of the Government of Nicolás Maduro; they should be asked if they are prepared or not to resume negotiations and respond to the country," Gonzalez said. The parliamentary leader was consulted about the possibility of parliamentary elections and recalled that the situation Venezuela is experiencing is, in part, the consequence of having held elections that should not have been held.

     "The problem of the country is that there are no institutions, so we are looking for a comprehensive agreement that returns democracy, the strength of the institutions, the free vote. The elections that the country needs at this time are the presidential ones." Regarding the announcement of FARC dissidents to resume the armed struggle, Stalin González lamented the fact and said that "nobody can celebrate that a group of dissidents has broken the Colombian peace process. On Tuesday, the delegate commission will discuss in depth the issue and set position. "


   CARACAS, VENEZUELA    --  Abrupt rise in food prices by more than 47 thousand percent hits the purchasing power of Venezuelans who must survive with a monthly salary of 40 thousand bolivars. So that a Larean family of 5 people can make a basic market without luxuries and that includes food, sausages, canned foods, proteins, vegetables, vegetables, grains, fruits, drinks, household and personal care items, it should have 23 minimum integral salaries (salary plus Cestaticket), that is, one million 500 thousand bolívares was calculated by THE PRESS after taking a tour of markets, supplies and supermarkets; However, the Documentation and Analysis Center for Workers (Cendas) calculated in July this year that to buy the Family Food Basket (CAF), 50 integral salaries are merited, equivalent to 3 million 247 thousand 472 bolivars.

      “As of September 1, Venezuela equaled the Yugoslavia of 1993 when they turned 22 months living in what is called consecutive intense hyperinflation, which indicates that the monetary reconversion made by the government in 2018 was a failure because even the variation in The economy and current prices already included three zeros to everything. To recommend to a person how to live or feed in this serious situation is impossible because there is no room for maneuver ”is the analysis made by economist Jesús Casique when he indicates that the basic basket increases monthly.

      What the specialist indicates is reflected in the comparison of food prices from today to a year ago. For example, food items such as PAN Flour, pasta, rice or beans like beans increased their price between 47 thousand and 60 thousand percent while a kilo of ground beef for August 2018 cost Bs.34 and is now available at 44 thousand bolivars , that is, the price increased 1300 times. “The government would announce a moving wage increase but Nicolás Maduro, before declaring the 28 salary increase since he is in power, should fight hyperinflation to prevent the purchasing power from pulverizing. Even before any measure of a wage increase that could be established by the government, the market already made its adjustment, prices increased by how the dollar is changing and more now that the change established by the Central Bank of Venezuela (BCV) is competing with the parallel and obviously affects the purchase structure ”emphasizes Casique



     CARACAS, VENEZUELA   --   Venezuela, the country that was famous for its prosperity and oil production, is today, the country that represents the greatest threat to Latin America and the world. The massive migratory wave, links with drug trafficking and terrorism, and the alliances with totalitarian, socialist, and dictatorial governments represent a ticking time bomb. The United States is not the only country that should be worried about Venezuela; the rest of the nations of the region must act in the face of the imminent threat posed by the dictatorship of Nicolas Maduro.

       Chavez and Maduro’s socialism closed down more than10,200 companies in Venezuela, reduced oil production to historic lows, undertook a mining operation that has caused an ecological genocide and created a humanitarian crisis leading to the largest mass migration in the history of the region. Security specialist Joseph M. Humire told PanAm Post that the most significant reason the country is a ticking time bomb is because of the mass migration of Venezuelans: Drug trafficking and terrorism have always existed under the regime of Maduro and Chavez, but immigration is unsustainable. I don’t think the governments of Latin America can stand it that long. I believe that with time, they will begin to take more controls and measures to restrict the flow, and the country will be in conflict; it will be a destabilizing factor.

      In the United States, the convergence doctrine is at play, which means that in Venezuela, international organized crime groups are active, and they unite with terrorist groups. “Venezuela is the largest and most important convergence point in the region where these groups have a level of protection from states that gives them support and increases their capacity,” Humire explained. “That country is a territory of logistics and services for terrorist and drug trafficking groups; they share lawyers, accountants, transporters, technicians, etc.,” he said. “Venezuela is the territory of convergence, the logistical point for criminal groups,” he added. The threat posed by the dictatorship in Venezuela goes beyond that. Its international political alliances have resulted in the presence of Russia, China, Cuba, Iran, and even North Korea’s influence on Latin American soil.


  WASHINGTON, D.C. --  Russia maintains a military presence in Venezuela, commercial agreements with the country’s refineries, and the county also needs to collect a debt that would exceed 20 billion USD in loans and credit to Caracas. Furthermore, Vladimir Putin’s government has become the largest supplier of arms and military vehicles to the Maduro dictatorship. “China is trying to impose its economic control on Venezuela by investing in infrastructure and providing large loans that Caracas would have difficulty repaying,” said Craig Faller, head of the U.S. Southern Command.

      The U.S. military high command described China as the direst threat to democracy in the world and asserted that the United States would confront the increasing Chinese influence worldwide. Apart from the danger presented by China and Russia, the Israeli human rights organization, Simon Wiesenthal wrote a letter to the Secretary-General of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro, urging him to work to prevent the “transplant from the Middle East to the Americas. The organization talks about the Islamic Republic of Iran’s offer to send members of its Islamic Revolutionary Guard (IRGC), recently designated as a terrorist organization by the United States, to Venezuela, according to Infobae.

      Although no source from either the Iranian or Venezuelan regime has officially and publicly confirmed this offer, the proposal coincides with the inauguration on April 8 of a direct flight between Tehran and Caracas through the Iranian airline, Mahan Air, as part of the bilateral agreements between Iran and Venezuela. According to investigations, IRGC controls Mahan Air, and the airline is also known as a means of transporting weapons. In fact, countries such as Germany and France banned their flights, while the United States sanctioned it in 2011.


   BOGOTA, COLOMBIA   --  A Colombian army report confirmed an open secret: Maduro’s regime protects criminals with the help of terrorist groups. Colombian army intelligence reports revealed that Seuxis Paucias Hernandez, alias Jesus Santrich, a FARC guerrilla leader, fled to Venezuela and is now protected by the National Liberation Army (ELN), the same terrorist group that has said it is willing to protect Maduro from an eventual military coalition against the dictatorship. Maduro seeks to shield the Chavista revolution with the protection of Colombian terrorist groups that today operate in Venezuela and continue their criminal work. These, in turn, have committed themselves to protect the regime and provide it with economic benefits and advice on criminal logistics.

      The dictatorship has made Venezuela fertile ground for criminality. The world is investigating the South American country for allowing the development of terrorist activities, drug trafficking, international money laundering, and corruption. While Maduro’s regime has become a refuge for criminals, it has also generated an unprecedented humanitarian crisis, where thousands of Venezuelans have died due to shortages of food and medicine. At the same time, the population has the lowest minimum wage in the region, not exceeding three USD per month. There are already more than five million migrants outside Venezuela, and countries no longer have the capacity to receive more migrants. Host countries are running out of money and have not received the international assistance needed to deal with the migration crisis.








Dr. Manuel  Artime  Bueza


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